The Woody Family of Old Virginia
The History and Genealogy of the Woody & Wooddy Family Branches
 with Roots in Colonial Virginia

Dedicated to the Memory of our Honored Pioneer Ancestors
"History is lived forwards but it is written in retrospect." C. V. Wedgewood

 Created: 2008
Hosted by Dave Woody


(A link to the Woody database and pedigrees is located at the end of the historical section below.)


The Immense & Growing Echo Chamber of Genealogically Related Garbage



n the Beginning -  Robert Woody in the Virginia Tidewater
Very Early Virginia Land Patents & Headrights
James, John, Samuel & Simon Woody of New Kent & Hanover, Virginia
The Quaker Connection
John, Micajah & Samuel Woody of Hanover, Virginia
John Woody of Goochland, Virginia
William & Henry Woody of Bedford, Virginia
Henry Woody of Henrico, Virginia
Augustine, Benjamin, Henry, Samuel & William Woody of the Lynchburg, Virginia area
James, John & Thomas Woody of Pittsylvania, Virginia
David Woody of Person, North Carolina
William & Samuel Woody of Loudoun, Virginia

  Everett Woody of Maryland, Kentucky & Ohio
Robert Woody of Lancaster, Middlesex & Richmond, Virginia
John J. Wooddy of Hanover, Virginia & Jefferson, Kentucky
Samuel W. & William L. Woody of Richmond City & Chesterfield, Virginia

Henry Talley Woody of Wilkes & Oglethorpe, Georgia
William, Nicholas & Henry  Woody of Spartanburg, South Carolina
John Woody of Laurens, South Carolina & Carroll, Georgia
Henry W. Woody of Richmond City, Virginia
Project Progress




            Using primary sources and direct evidence, a number of Woody descendants have traced their lineages back to Virginia in the late 18th or early 19th century. Because of several factors, the extension of these lineages by traditional research is almost impossible; however, results from the Woody DNA Project prove that nearly all participants with such lineages share a common ancestor. These results have encouraged us to extend our research beyond our direct ancestor, Henry Woody, to all the Woodys of old Virginia. Our goal is to use this research, in conjunction with the Woody DNA Project, to sort out the different branches of the Virginia Woody family tree and to extend these lineages back in time. Since many of these proven Woody lineages can be traced to the Blue Ridge region of Virginia, we used this area as a starting point for our research; however, our area of interest has been expanded to the Piedmont of central Virginia, the Virginia Northern Neck and the several of northernmost counties of North Carolina. In addition, yDNA results have shown that the Woodys found in late 18th century Spartanburg County, South Carolina were very closely related to the Virginia Woodys. This startling discovery has prompted us to do significant research in the northwest South Carolina and southwest North Carolina areas.
            We now think it is highly likely that most of the Woody branches listed below, as well as, the Henry, Thomas and William Woody branches, have their American ancestral roots in New Kent and Hanover Counties, Virginia. Their single common ancestor may have also been from Virginia, but he was more likely from the British Isles.
yDNA has proven that some of these branches are closely related; however, yDNA volunteers are needed from the other branches.
The sections below describe most of the early Virginia Woody branches, as well as, several branches with proven roots in Virginia.
These sections only provide an overview of these families: the family details and evidence citations are provided in the Database. Some of the overviews and evidence are complex and, at times, difficult to follow.
            The early lives of many of the Woodys that migrated to the Blue Ridge region of Virginia after about 1760 are very close to a complete mystery. Reconstructing the movements of Henry Woody, as he migrated from Goochland to Franklin, was accomplished mainly through the use of land records. Recent yDNA comparisons prove that Henry was closely related to some of these "mystery" Woodys. Although there were several notable exceptions, the vast majority of the these Woodys seemed to have been itinerant farmers that moved from place to place searching for the best return for their labor.
For this reason, many of them did not own land, so there are very few recorded land transactions involving Woodys during this period. Besides the above mentioned Henry Woody of Franklin County, the early Woodys that left wills were: James of Pittsylvania County, David of Person County, North Carolina and Simon, Moor, John and Micajah of Hanover County. Woodys were seldom mentioned in other probate proceedings. Before about 1853, vital records are virtually nonexistent. Some of the material presented on this page overlaps with Woody Family Roots, which focuses on the history and genealogy of Henry and William Woody and their descendants.

            To understand the scant information that is available, a good understanding of 18th century Virginia county formation is essential.
A very accurate depiction of this formation is available at the Map of US website. Henrico County, an original Virginia shire created in 1634, remained intact for over ninety years until Goochland County was created from western Henrico in 1728. New Kent County was formed in 1654 and remained unchanged until Hanover County was formed from western New Kent 1721. It is important to note that Goochland/Henrico were never part of Hanover/New Kent or visa versa.
            In contrast to the complete geographic separation of Goochland/Henrico and Hanover/New Kent described above, later Virginia county formation and boundary changes resulted in locations that were in two or three different counties in the space of a few years.
 During the latter half of the 18th century, the population of the western frontier of Virginia was growing quickly. This growth necessitated the rather rapid formation of new counties. In 1744, Albemarle was formed from Goochland. In the central Blue Ridge region, Albemarle begat Amherst and Buckingham in 1761 and Fluvanna in 1777. Nelson was created from Amherst in 1808. A little further south, Lunenburg contributed Bedford in 1754 and Halifax in 1766. Pittsylvania came from Halifax in 1767 and Henry came from Pittsylvania in 1777. In 1786, Franklin was formed from Bedford and Henry. These boundary changes, coupled with the lack of records and the nomadic movements of the Woodys, make research very challenging.
            A good example of the effect of county formation on our research is the Byrd Creek home of John Woody. Captain William Bird/Byrd first patented the property in Henrico in 1656. This area became Goochland County in 1728, Albemarle County in 1744 and finally Fluvanna County in 1777.
            In general, decennial census records begin in 1790 and are helpful; however, the 1800 census of Virginia is not extant. Original census records are much more useful than alphabetized copies since they preserve the relative locations of those people enumerated. Pre-1850 censuses only give the name of the head-of-household with the rest of the inhabitants separated into age groups so, at best, they only provide a snapshoot every ten tears. However, post Revolutionary War personal property and land tax records for almost all of the Virginia counties are extant. These tax records start about 1782 and, since taxes were collected each year, the records are very constructive in tracking the movements of individuals from one location to another. Also, tax records usually denote the death of the taxpayer by the words "estate". Some deed records are also extant. As mentioned, only a few Woody deed records have been found, but these few have been very useful. However, the Woodys seemed to be quite adept at avoiding the census enumerators and tax collectors. We have not found a Woody Bible record for this period, but Woodys are mentioned in other Bible records. Marriage bonds and certificates usually provide more information than extracted marriage records. The pension and land warrant applications of Revolutionary War and War of 1812 veterans are extremely informative, but very few Woodys lived long enough to apply for these benefits. Vital records for most counties start about 1853; however many people simply did not report births and deaths. From the standpoint of identifying early relationships, death records are especially helpful since the decedent's age, birthplace and parents names were usually, but not always, recorded. However, many years are missing from these records.
More than any other state, Virginia has suffered the destructive effects of war in America. Burning courthouses was one of the favorite pastimes of invading armies in the American Revolution, the War or 1812 and the Civil War. However, in every sense, the Civil War created the most destruction to life and property and since many of the fiercest battles occurred in the area surrounding Richmond, the counties of Hanover, Henrico and New Kent were especially effected. The archivists at The Library of Virginia has categorized the " Lost Record Localities". The counties with "catastrophic loss" are Appomattox, Buchanan, Buckingham, Caroline, Charles City, Dinwiddie, Elizabeth, Fairfax, Gloucester, Hanover, James City County/Williamsburg, King and Queen, King William, Matthews, Nansemond, New Kent, Nottoway, Prince George, Richmond County, Stafford and Warwick. The counties and cities with "considerable loss" are Accomack, Albemarle, Bland, Botetourt, Brunswick, Craig, Culpepper, Henrico, Isle of Wight, King George, Mecklenburg, Northumberland, Richmond (City), Rockingham, Russell, Spotsylvania, Surry, Washington, Westmoreland and York. In our area of research interest, examples of courthouse fires that resulted in nearly complete destruction of earlier records are the Buckingham fire in 1869 and the Richmond fire in 1865.
            The common law statutes of primogeniture that existed in Colonial Virginia dictated that, after the widow's one-third dower, the real property of an individual that died intestate (without a will) went to his eldest son. If the eldest son was dead, the real property passed to that person's eldest son. Of course, a will could be used to distribute an estate, but many people of moderate means did not execute a will. By far, the most valuable asset that most individuals could own was real property (land) and
for landowners, their second most valuable asset was their slaves. The specifics of most wills dealt with the division of these two assets. Almost all Woody landowners did execute wills; however, the vast majority of Woodys were not land or slave owners and these individuals did not write wills. Moreover, deeds and court records relating to land transfers form the major portion of the scanty records that have survived and are available to the researcher. Obviously, these types of records do not exist for landless Woodys. A few tithe records have survived, but these are very few and far between. Unfortunately, the primogeniture laws and the severe loss of records have created a situation whereby our knowledge of the Woodys in Colonial America is mainly based on those eldest sons that inherited land. The brothers and sisters of these eldest sons can be virtually invisible.
            The Woodys were not wealthy or famous and many of them were not land owners. Many were
probably squatters that farmed land that was not being cultivated by the owner. Squatting was part of the common land tradition of both the English and Gaelic laboring people. Toby Terrar explains this situation in his enlightening article First in War: Laboring People and the American Revolution as an Agrarian Reform Movement in Amherst County, Virginia and Sumter County, South Carolina:

"As settlement edged toward the Blue Ridge Mountains, the formation of new counties beyond the fall line extended tidewater institutions into the west. The piedmont frontier was developed less by poor farmers in search of opportunity than by the colony's leading families, such as the Randolphs, Carters, Pages, and Nicholases, who acquired the best acreage along the rivers. The piedmont became an area of immense tobacco estates, some as large as thirteen thousand acres. Much of the colony's land was granted in huge parcels to speculators, such as Robert ("King") Carter, William Byrd II, and William Beverley, but non-Virginians, such as Jacob Stover, of Pennsylvania, and Benjamin Borden, of New Jersey, acquired extensive landholdings in the Valley of Virginia, that fertile region between the Blue Ridge and the Alleghenies explored in 1716 by Governor Alexander Spotswood and his Knights of the Golden Horseshoe. The Amherst landlords estimated they needed 50 acres for each field hand and at least twenty slaves before hiring an overseer. Slaves sold for 30, cost 6 yearly to maintain, and could net 14 in yearly profit in the 1760s and 1770s. Thus the smallest economic unit for capitalist agriculture complete with overseer and slaves was approximately 1,000 acres, considerably larger than the holdings of nearly all Amherst residents in the eighteenth century. Squatter occupancy was one of the reasons that half of Virginia's white population in the 1770s had no recorded land. Even working people who bought or rented, boycotted the magnate-dominated county courts."

            As discussed above, many Virginia counties have suffered a massive loss of genealogical related records. Although many Woodys did not own land, some did and their land transaction records somewhat offset the absence of other records. When available, we make significant use of land records, especially the images of original documents available at the Land Office Patents and Grants/Northern Neck Grants and Surveys database online at the Library of Virginia.To encourage settlement of America, the English government awarded land grants to ship captains and others who were responsible for the transportation of immigrants from Europe. These rewards were termed "headrights". Many of the names of the immigrants claimed as headrights are noted in early Virginia land grants. The names of the people transported (headrights) are usually named at the bottom of the grant. We also use published deed transcriptions and microfilms of original deeds. In addition to the location of the property, these land transaction records usually mention the names of nearby property owners. Since neighbors tended to migrate together, this information can be used to identify and separate Woodys with the same given names. This information greatly assists in sorting out the Woody lines and their westward movements. However, as mentioned above, a very good understanding of the formation of new Virginia counties in the 18th century is essential maximizing the usefulness of the land transaction data. We use both old and modern maps to try and pinpoint the locations mentioned in the patents, grants and deeds. The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) search capability at the United States Geological Survey (USGS) web site is very useful, since the landmarks mentioned in land transactions usually can be be identified and plotted on a modern Google map.
            Fortunately, the Woodys did associate with a few of relatively well known people of the time. The family histories of most of these people have been documented and some of the evidence presented below comes from this documentation. This evidence is complex and, at times, difficult to follow.

            We are able to get some source material from the Library of Virginia via the Interlibrary Loan System (ILL) and we also have rented many filmed records from the LDS Family History Catalog.
            We are obsessive about details. Many isolated facts concerning the Woodys have been published by the various Virginia genealogical and historical societies. These publications are available in these societies headquarters and in local libraries. When combined with other information, seemingly insignificant small details can be the keys to solving very complex genealogical puzzles. If you have the opportunity to search any of these publications, please pass along your findings.
            `We have attempted to memorize our
research in a Chronology of Selected Woody Events in Early Virginia & Hypothetical Colonial Woody Lineage. With regard to the hypothetical lineage, this page analyzes some of the significant factual records that we have discovered, discusses the assumptions we have made and explains the rational we have used in developing our view of the family connections of the very early Colonial American Woodys. Also included is a listing of all the microfilms that we have ordered and analyzed from LDS FamilySearch and the Library of Virginia. We hope this page will aid other researchers.


In the Beginning -  Robert Woody in the Virginia Tidewater

             One of the earliest chronicles of the Woody name in Virginia can be found in court records of Lower Norfolk County which was situated in the heart of the famous Tidewater region. On August 15, 1653, a Robert Wooddy, age about thirty-two, testified about an incident that occurred on a ship anchored in the Elizabeth River on December 15, 1651. This Robert Woody may have been the person that claimed "headright" awards for two people in 1653. A Robert Woody owned lands in Lower Norfolk and Norfolk County until 1704, but the name seems to disappear after that time. Since the given name "Robert" was used very infrequently by latter Woodys, we assume that the Robert Woody line probably did not produce any surviving male descendants.


Very Early Virginia Land Patents & Headrights     

            To encourage settlement of America, the Colonial government awarded "headright" certificates to ship captains and others who were responsible for the transportation of immigrants from Europe. Almost any type of transported person could be and were claimed as a headright. This included indentured servants, slaves and children. Even those who died during the ocean crossing could be claimed. These certificates could then be used to acquire land grants from the government. Because of loose regulation, lack of oversight and fraud, the headright system led to abuse. Additionally, the certificates could be bartered, traded and resold to others. So, in general, a person named as a headright cannot be connected with the land patentee, nor does the location of the grant necessarily have any connection to the location of the patentee or the headright. However, many of the names of the immigrants claimed as headrights are noted in early Virginia land grants which have been preserved, imaged, transcribed and published. Because of the extreme lack of other extant records for this region, these headright land grant images and transcriptions have been used by many researchers in the search from their ancestors. Some of these researchers transcriptions differ with the transcriptions of professionals and sometimes the amateurs may be correct.
            The names of the people transported (headrights) are usually named at the bottom of the grant. George Cabell Greer transcribed these names from the originals and published them in 1912 as Early Virginia Immigrants 1623-1666; however, it should be noted that shortly after publication, a scathing book review of the Greer work was published in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.
  This review described many omissions and faulty transcriptions. Several decades later, Nell Marion Nugent, the Custodian of the Virginia Land Archives transcribed these same original land grants and, in 1934, published the highly acclaimed first volume of a three volume set entitled Cavaliers and Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants 1623-1800;  however, only the years from 1623 to 1666 are generally be viewed online. Dennis Ray Hudgins has edited an additional four volumes which have been published under the same title. These additional volumes cover the period 1733-1774. Other reference editors have copied from these early transcriptions and individuals have transcribed those names with grants in a particular location or those names in which they had a special interest. For example, Early Virginia Families Along the James River, compiled, transcribed and abstracted in three volumes by Louise Pledge Heath Foley, contains transcribed and abstracted patents from the subject counties from 1624 to 1732. The headrights are also indexed.

            So, it is very possible to find several differing transcriptions of any particular land grant; therefore, we have found that nothing replaces viewing images of the original documents. All of these documents were recorded in the script and custom of the time and some can be very difficult to decipher. Most professional transcribers have experience in reading old handwriting and they strive for accuracy; however, they do not have the deep interest in particular names that the researchers of these particular names have. The professional will not linger long in transcribing a particular name and compare it with other names as a researcher should. On the other hand, the amateur will sometimes let his or her hopes and wishes get in the way of an objective and accurate transcription. The importance of these records and transcriptions cannot be overstated because they comprise the bulk of the extant records pertaining to 17th century Virginia. Fortunately for the serious researcher, images of these old documents are viewable at the Library of Virginia  Land Office Patents and Grants/Northern Neck Grants and Surveys.
            Among others, the following Woodys have been alleged and published by amateur and professional transcribers: Anthony in 1648, Symon in 1652, Robert in 1656, John in 1674, Henry in 1681 and John in 1701. We have very carefully examined the images containing these names and we can positively confirm two; Robert and  John, 1701.
John, 1674, is a maybe. Anthony was Waddy, Symon was  Wady and Henry was most likely Moody. To illustrate the difficulty in transcribing these documents, we have included images of  portions of several of the original grants that contain the name that has been transcribed as Woody. The first image on the left is from the 1653 Lower Norfolk County patent of two hundred acres on Tanner's Creek. This same Robert Woody is mentioned near the beginning of this page. He is also mentioned in several other documents of this period. It is a little faint but very readable. This grant does not have any associated headrights. In addition, it is the only name that is transcribed as Woody, etc in the first volume (1623-1666) of the Cavaliers and Pioneers  discussed above.
            The next image on the right is from the headright list associated with the 1674 grant to Charles Scarburgh. It may be Wo
ody, but the "d" is definitely suspect. Both Wooly and Wolley are recognized surnames; however, the backwards curvature of the suspect "d" is a very characteristic example of the "d" script formation of the time. Compare with the "d"s above and below. The script letter "l" of the time had no such backward curvature. So we think it is a definite maybe.
            The next image on the right is from headright list associated with a 1701 grant to John Pleasants. This is a
n example of a very clear entry for John Woody and is probably the clearest example we have found. In addition, the name John Woody is found in othe documents of the time. This transcription is confirmed by Early Virginia Families Along the James River, Vol. 1: Henrico - Goochland, the reference mentioned above.
            The n
ext image on the left is the the headright list associated with a 1652 Gloster County grant to Capt. Francis Morgan and Ralph Green and the name has been transcribed by a researcher as Symon Woody. We think the name is Symon Wady and, for certain, it is not Symon Woody. Also, it is transcribed in the Cavaliers and Pioneers reference discussed above as Symon Wady. We think this a good example of a very wishful transcription.
            The image directly below shows the three headrights associated with a 1681 Surry County land grant made to Arthur Jordan. One of the names has been transcribed and published as Henry Woody in Early Virginia Families Along the James River, Vol. 3: James City County - Surry County, the reference mentioned above. The transcription of this document is especially important because it has been used as the basis for an alleged Woody lineage that has been widely copied by many participants of online collaborative constructed lineage web sites, such as Ancestry Member Trees, WkiiTree, Family Heritage, etc.
Because of the ink smearing, this name is more difficult to ascertain. We think it is Henry Moody and not Henry Woody. Compare the W/M in the top line to the obvious M in the transcribed name Maundy to the right and to the very obvious W in the word Whereas below and to the left. It seems to us that the letter in question has some similarities with both of the comparison letters, but we think it is much more like the M.
The image on the left is from a 1688 land grant to Charles Fleming. It is quite interesting because the location of this grant was "in the branches of Mattedequin & Totopotomoy Creeks" which is the exact location that later Hanover County Woodys lived. The name is not from the headright list, but from the description of the property boundaries. It is an example of a transcription made more difficult by conflicting information. The surname seems to be clearly Woddy to us; however, this name  has been transcribed by some as Waddy. While reviewing the transcription of the Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish, I noticed that the index contains over a dozen entries for a Samuel Waddy/Waddey and sometimes these entries are in the same processing precinct as a Charles Fleming. So now I have a dichotomy. After all, the Vestry Book is also a transcription and I know of no images of the original document. In addition, the name Samuel Woody, etc. is also mentioned over a dozen times in the Vestry Book, but only between 1745 and 1784.
            By searching for the date and grantee name, the complete grant images can be viewed at the Library of Virginia Land Office Grants page. Give it a try.    


James, John, Samuel & Simon Woody of New Kent & Hanover Co., Virginia
(St. Paul's Parish, near Richmond)


             The October 21, 1684, New Kent County, Virginia land grant of John Baughan provides the first undeniable reference to a Woody in this area. Mr. James Woody was named as an adjacent landowner in the branches of Black and Mattedequin Creeks, both tributaries of the Pamunkey River. As did the Woodys, the upper branches of Black Creek ended up in Hanover County when that county was created from New Kent in 1721. So the location of the Woody property can be determined to within a few miles. On May 4, 1689, James Woody & Jno Baughn are also recorded adjacently as processioners in the The Vestry Book and Register of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent and James City Counties, Virginia. The quit rent rolls of 1704 New Kent County list three Woodys: Symon, 50 acres; John, 100 acres and James, 130 acres. Early Virginia quit rents were paid by owners or renters of land that had been acquired by government grant (patent). The typical rent for patent (grant) land was one shilling for every fifty acres. (1= 20 shillings). If Symon, John and James did acquire grant land, no record of these grants has been found; however, a Samuel Waddy/Woddy is described in the boundary description of the 1688 grant to Charles Fleming. This entry is especially interesting since the land was described as being "in the branches of Mattedequin and Totopotomoy Creeks", which is exactly where the Woodys later lived in Hanover County. In New Kent County, St. Paul's Parish was formed from the western portion of St. Peter's Parish in 1704 and, in 1721, Hanover County was formed from the western portion of New Kent County. In fact, Mattedequin Creek was the dividing line between the two Parish's after 1704. Today, both of these creeks are located along the eastern edge of present day Hanover County, very close to the county lines of King William and New Kent.   
  The "processioning" records found in Protestant Episcopal Church of Virginia Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish, Hanover County, Virginia 1706 - 1786 of the mention a succession of Woody landowners in New Kent and Hanover Counties. It is important to remember Hanover County was formed from New Kent County in 1721, so the pre-1721 events described in the vestry book occurred in New Kent County. The Woody name is mentioned over one hundred times in this book. James Woody was last mentioned in processioning records in 1720 and in the Quaker records in 1722, so we assume he died before the next intact processioning record in 1731. As shown in the snippet on the left taken from a 1730 Vestry meeting, John Wooddy was assigned a work crew to assist in clearing a road he was responsible for as an appointed parish surveyor. As detailed below, Simon Woody died in 1734. John Woody was last mentioned in the 1744 processioning records and, in 1747, Samuel Woody was appointed a processioner "instead of John Woody". So we assume that John died about this time.
            The introductory remarks of the compiler, Churchill Gibson Chamberlayne, are very useful in understanding composition, importance and validity of this document. As Chamberlayne points out, all of the pre-1754 record is "merely a transcript of an older and long since disappeared, manuscript volume". In fact, we have found several contradictions and transcription errors. Similarly, Chamberlayne's explanation of the appointment of processioning, processioning orders and processioning returns is very informative and useful. Property lines where determined by an ancient and time honored surveying procedure called "metes and bounds". The system of metes and bounds used physical features, such as trees, creeks, rocks, roadways, etc. to describe property boundaries. Because these features tended to change over time, the Virginia Legislature created an act to address the problem in 1662. This act required adjoining landowners to meet regularly to resurvey and agree on new defining features. This process was termed processioning and was an important event in the lives of Colonial landowners. The act also stipulated that processioning was to be preformed every four years under the direction of the parish officials. In stark contrast, The Vestry Book of Henrico Parish, Virginia 1730 - 1773 and The St. James Northam Parish Vestry Book, Goochland County, Virginia 1744 - 1850 do not mention the Woody name one time. In an effort aimed at understanding this anomaly, the records of all three books were analyzed and compared with other available records of that time period. This examination revealed some very large differences in the processioning procedures used by the three parishes. These differences may account for the absence of the Woody name in the Henrico and St. James Northam Vestry Books. Vestry Books of St. Paul's, St. Peter's, Henrico and St. James Northam Parishes is a report on this research. Also, it cannot be over emphasized that the records found in vestry books relate almost entirely to freeholders (land owners). Because records found in vestry books, land deeds and land grants provide the bulk of surviving evidence, non-landowners are virtually invisible. There must have been many of these landless Woodys and, in fact, later records provide substantial evidence that this was indeed the case. 
            In addition to processioning records, a number of Hanover and New Kent County land grants have survived from this period. Images of most of the grants can be viewed in the
Virginia Land Office Patents and Grants/Northern Neck Grants and Surveys archive found on the Library of Virginia web site. The wills of two Woodys from this period have survived: Simon and his only son Moor; however, Moor Woody left no descendants.

In the records described above and in other records of Goochland, Henrico, Hanover and New Kent Counties, the given names of John, Martha, Micajah, Simon, James, Henry, and Samuel appear quite frequently; however, determining the relationships of these people can be extremely difficult. Pre-Civil War birth, marriage and land transaction records are very rare for this period, especially in Hanover County. So it is left to the family historian to first obtain and then subjectively interpret the meaning of the existing documents. Hopefully, yDNA comparisons and analysis will aid these interpretations. Many more details about this branch are in the



The Quaker Connection


            The Colonial Quakers (Society of Friends) were prodigious record keepers and many of their records have survived and have been transcribed and abstracted by William Wade Hinshaw in the Encyclopedia of American Genealogy. Volume IV of this resource contains the abstracted minutes of the Henrico Monthly Meeting. The regional Monthly Meetings provided a wide range of services for the local (Particular) meetings. The Monthly meetings oversaw the business aspects of the region, but also authorized marriages and dismissals. It is important to note that, besides Henrico, the Henrico Monthly Meeting served the counties New Kent, Hanover Louisa, Goochland, Chesterfield and others. The Henrico Monthly Meeting reports include the only male Woody Quakers mentioned in early Virginia: James, Micajah and William. Martha, the widow of Simon Woody is also recorded. The Virginia Monthly Meeting records start in 1672 and the Henrico Parish records start in 1699; however, the Hinshaw abstracts do not include the wedding witnesses. Fortunately, Suzanne Johnston has made complete transcriptions of the Henrico Monthly Meeting records from the LDS FamilySearch film # 0031762. Linda Sparks Starr then included this transcription in her Colonial Virginia Connections web site as  Henrico County Monthly Meetings 1699-1782.  Suzanne's transcriptions include the list of marriage witnesses which are not part of the Hinshaw abstracts. On 5 June 1722, James Woody was a witness at a Quaker wedding. To our knowledge, the connection between James and the couple is unknown. On the same day, James provided funds to help build a meeting house. Micajah Woody, of Hanover County, his wife Cecilia, their only known son William and all of their daughters are noted in Quaker records from 1739 to 1789. John Woody was a witness to the marriage of one of the daughters of Micajah and Cecilia; however, since John was also recorded for many years as a processioner in Hanover County, he could not have been a Quaker. This is the only entry for John in the Quaker records and the Quaker's allowed non-Quakers to attend their meetings and witness marriages. John also provided for part of estate administration bond for Simon Woody's widow, Martha, Although Micajah's only son William seems to have been enumerated in the 1810 and 1820 Hanover censuses, we have not discovered the names of any of his presumed children. Also, we have not uncovered any significant research related to this branch of Virginia Woodys and very few lineages have been developed. If you know of other such research, we would appreciate hearing from you.
            Most of the children of Micajah and Cecilia were disowned by the Friends. Micajah and Cecilia also appear to have lapsed before their deaths because the will of Micajah Woody names the slaves he owned. In 1777, the Friends decided to disown slave holding members and, in 1784, Virginia allowed the Quakers to free their slaves. Because of the slavery issue, most  Friends had left Virginia by 1850. In 1800, when Michjah died, there were only three Meeting Houses left in Virginia. Although Simon Woody is never mentioned in these records, the Quaker  marriages of his daughter's were recorded. In addition, Micajah, Simon and James were all processioned in St. Paul's Parish; however, none of these men were ever appointed as a processioner. This was was almost surely because they were not members of the Episcopal Church that appointed processioners. On the other hand, in 1689 James Woody was appointed a processioner in New Kent County and also, in 1699, he also seems to be included in the Register of the Episcopal Church. I therefore conclude James Woody was converted to Quakerism between between 1699 and 1722. Simon was probably converted in this time frame also. Although John and Martha Woody (Simon's wife or widow) are both mentioned recorded as  witnesses in the Quaker marriage of one of Simon's daughters, I think this was because John was the brother of Simon, who was deceased or very ill at the time and anyone could witness a Quaker wedding. John was also recorded as a processioner in the first Hanover processioning in 1708. The processioning returns for 1747 do not exist, but in the processioning order for that year "Saml Wooddy instead of Jno Wooddy" was appointed a processioner. Since this John Woody was never mention again, we conclude that he had died before 1847 and that Samuel, his son, replaced him. The 1751 processioning record is intact and Samuel and Micajah were both processioned and Samuel was again appointed processioner. So, Samuel and perhaps Micajah may have been first processioned in 1747.




John, Micajah & Samuel Woody of Hanover Co., Virginia

            Because Hanover County, Virginia is one of the most difficult Virginia counties in which to do research, we avoided this area for almost twenty years. The Library of Virginia Lost Record's Guide states that "most county records, particularly deeds, wills, and marriage records were destroyed by fire in Richmond on 3 April 1865". However, since nearly all of our research on the Woodys of western Virginia suggests that their ancestors came from Hanover, we are going to try to correlate the scant information that is available.
            The processioning records  found in The Vestry Book of St. Paul's Parish 1706-1786 mention Mattedequin and Totopotomoy Creeks many times, along with over one hundred references to the Woodys/Wooddys/etc. that owned land and lived in New Kent and Hanover. The 1763 Hanover tithe records include John Woody, 80 acres; Micajah Woody, 200 acres; and Samuel Woody, 120 acres. On J1766 Samuel Wooddy Newspaper Advertisementune 13, 1766 the Virginia Gazette published an advertisement (image on right) concerning a lost/stolen horse belonging to Samuel Wooddy. On April 29, 1773, the same newspaper published another advertisement concerning John Woody of Hanover. The post Revolution land and personal property tax records for Hanover are extant and start in 1782. The earliest of these tax records list Samuel, Micajah, Cisley, John, Hartwell, Obediah, Lucy and William Woody. The 1782 land tax acreages for John and Samuel are identical to the 1763 records. The 1782 land tax acreage for Sisley Woody, the wife of Micajah, was 190 acres. So we are very confident that the John, MicajaWoodys in 1782 Hanover County Censush and Samuel of 1763 where the same individuals that lived in 1782 Hanover. In addition, John, Samuel, Micajah and Lucy Woody were enumerated in the 1782 Hanover County census. Since there are surviving records of the wills of John and Micajah, we know the names of their children. William (c. 1750 - c. 1826) was almost surely the son of Micajah, but we dot know the names of any of his children. John Wooddy Jr. died c. 1786, Samuel Sr. died c. 1788 and Micajah died c. 1800. These records illustrate how landless individuals can be virtually invisible in this time frame. Lucy, Hartwell (born c. 1777) and Obediah (born c. 1761) were noted in the personal property tax records only and they were probably among those in the households of Samuel and Lucy in 1782, but neither Samuel or Lucy left surviving wills. Obediah is especially interesting because, in 1784, he was charged with a tax on two named slaves that had been charged to Samuel Sr. in 1782. So Obediah appears to have been the son of Samuel Sr.; however, he seems to have to have died about 1794. Lucy, the apparent widow of Samuel, died about 1796 and Hartwell about 1802. Obediah and Hartwell were never taxed as landowners and they left no surviving wills. It is very possible that Lucy was a landowner, but was exempt from land tax as a widow. This is just about all we know about Samuel, Lucy, Obediah, Hartwell and the several other unknown individuals enumerated in the Samuel and Lucy Woody households of 1782 Hanover County, Virginia.
            However, there are other pieces of interesting and very complex information concerning the estates of John and Samuel Woody. John's tax records were noted as "John Woody estate" from 1786 until 1800, when the property was conveyed to his widow Ruth as his will directed. Samuel's tax records are noted as "Samuel Woody estate from 1788 until 1797; however, in 1801, the property of Samuel Woody was transferred to Micajah Woody. Since Micajah was married in 1739 (born c. 1719), it seems almost impossible that he could have been the Samuel's son. He was most likely a brother or 1st cousin to Samuel; however, the only way that he could have inherited the property was if all of Samuel's descendants were deceased. We know that some of the children of Samuel's daughter, Ann Wooddy Talley, were alive, so this was not the case. The law of entail was abolished in 1776 and the law of primogeniture was repealed in 1786, so if Samuel died in 1788, these laws would not have been applicable to his estate. However, the years 1800 and 1801 coincide with some other important events. The youngest child of John and Ruth Wooddy became age twenty-one about 1800 and another Samuel Wooddy was first taxed in 1801. We posit that Micajah purchased the land from the inheritors of Samuel Wooddy's estate and that the Samuel Wooddy, first taxed in 1801, was a son or grandson of Samuel Sr. and was one of the sellers. This assumption is supported by the fact that, in 1802, Samuel Jr. seems to have moved to Chesterfield County, near Richmond and made significant land purchases there in 1805 and 1806 (See Samuel W. Wooddy below). We do not have a verifiable birth date for Samuel Sr., but based on what we know, he would have been 55-65 years old when Samuel W. was born. We have estimated Obediah's birth date from his first taxation in 1784 and he would have been 15-18 when Samuel W. was born. So we have a choice between a rather old father and a rather young one. From our experience with this line, we posit that Samuel Sr. was the father of Samuel W. Wooddy. We also posit that the children of Samuel Sr. all inherited equally; however, his younger children had to reach age twenty-one before the they could gain control their share. When all of the inheritors reached age twenty-one in 1801, they sold the property to Micajah Woody. Since virtually all of the records of Hanover County were destroyed in the Civil War, it seems impossible to prove this assumption; however, the alignment of these facts forms a body of significant circumstantial evidence. The events in the life of Henry Talley Wooddy (see below) are nearly identical to those of Samuel W. Wooddy. Based on these events, as well as, evidence showing
Henry T. and Samuel Wooddy were living in close proximity in Wilkes County, Georgia and Chesterfield County, Virginia and the close association of Henry T.  with Obadiah Talley, the son of Ann Woody Talley, the daughter of Samuel Wooddy Sr., we have concluded that Henry Talley Woody was another son of Samuel Woody Sr. Although we are quite certain that the funds for the land purchases of Samuel W. and Henry T. Wooddy came from the sale of the land of Samuel Sr., there is the possibility of an intervening generation in the person of Obediah Wooddy (c. 1761-c. 1794). Except for the age of Samuel Sr., there is no evidence at all to support this scenario. If Obediah did inherit the property of Samuel Sr., this event was never recorded in twelve years of tax records. The evidence points to a significant event occurring in 1801 and both Samuel W. and Henry T. reached the age of twenty-one about this time; however, this event would apply to an inheritance from either Samuel Sr. or Obediah.
           Micajah and Cecilia Johnson Woody were Quakers (Religious Society of Friends) and they were married in the Hanover Friend's Meeting House on September 4, 1739. Micajah, Cecilia and most of their children are mentioned in the Friend's meeting records and later, in the Hanover tax lists. Micajah's will was dated September 23, 1771 and he died in 1800/1801. Although Micajah's actual will is not extant, he, his wife and his children were recorded in a 1819 law suit that included a synopsis of Micajah's will. A little known transcription of John's September 16, 1784 will is also extant and names his wife Ruth and ten children. Micajah Woody was a witness to the original document. John Sr. died in 1786. Samuel Sr. died between 1782 & 1787. William Woody was very likely the son of Micajah and Cecilia Woody and is probably the William Woody that, on December 29, 1789, bought 126 acres on Totopotomoy Creek in Hanover from Thomas and Susan Tinsley. By 1850, as family farming was becoming less and less profitable, a migration to the nearby city of Richmond was well underway.
            There are dozens, if not hundreds, of genealogies, lineages and GEDCOMs on the internet that flatly state that Micajah, Mary, Martha and Judith were the children of James and Martha Woody. We have never found any proof that James had a wife named Martha. In fact, The Vestry Book and Register of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent and James City Counties, Virginia shows that James' wife was probably Elizabeth (Elisheba) and that their son James was baptized April 16, 1699. We have not found any other direct evidence concerning the children of James. The evidence seems to indicate that James was older than Micajah and that both were Quakers. As is usual, we do not know the original proponent of this story, but some very important, easy to find, primary evidence has been overlooked. In 1734, Simon Woody died testate in Hanover County and his will was probated the same year. He named his wife Martha, son Moore and daughters Mary, Martha, Judith and Rebecca. Unfortunately, his only son Moore died testate later the same year. Moore's will named his mother Martha and sisters Mary, Martha, Judith and Susanna. Simon's widow, Martha, lived until about 1769, when her son-in-law, Nathan Johnson, contested her will (not extant). The Mary, Martha and Judith Woody that married David, Ashley and Nathan Johnson were the daughters of Simon Woody, not James Woody. The complete transcripts (not abstracts) of the original Quaker marriage records can be found online. Micajah was probably the son of James Woody but, to our knowledge, there is no proof of that relationship.
            However, it is interesting to note that neither Micajah or his son William were ever appointed processioners by the Anglican church officials and this was undoubtedly because Micajah and William were Quakers. Likewise, neither James or Simon were ever appointed processioners, so it would seem that James and Simon were also Quakers.
Some of the authors of the abovementioned lineages also assert that this same Micajah Woody married Mrs. Elizabeth Allen, widow of Littleberry Allen, on Aug 15, 1796. While it is true that such a marriage was originally transcribed and published, Micajah Woody was married to Cecilia when he died; therefore, if a Micajah Woody was married in 1796, it was not the husband of Cecilia. However, the abovementioned 1819 law suit begins with the phrase; "Micajah Woody, Senr., of the County of Hanover, by his Will, dated Sept. 23d, 1771...". So a second Micajah seems to have existed in 1771, but we have never found even one additional reference to this second Micajah Woody. It should be remembered that the term "junior" and "senior" were commonly used to differentiate between two men with the same name and did not necessarily imply a father and son relationship. Micajah Woody, Jr. is not mentioned in the wills of John or Micajah, Sr., nor was he ever enumerated in the personal property tax records of Hanover and Henrico Counties which are extant from 1782. In fact, we have never found even one additional reference to another Micajah Woody anywhere in America.
            Recent primary research has shed some light on this puzzle. The minutes of the Henrico County Boar Swamp Baptist Church contain this short note: "Dec 1, 1787, Elizabeth Allen, now Woody - removed". Apparently, at least part of the Woody-Allen marriage transcription seems to be incorrect. In addition, the will of Rev. Littleberry Allen, a Baptist preacher, was dated August 20, 1783 and recorded June 6, 1786 in Henrico. His widow was Elizabeth Allen and the will names some seven children; however, we have not seen the probate record of the Allen estate. The Boar Swamp Baptist Church was located very near the border of Hanover and Henrico Counties and close to the Woody homesteads east of Richmond in Hanover. In 1789 and 1790, an Elizabeth Woody was listed on the Hanover County tax lists. From the above data, we conclude that a Micajah Woody did marry the widow, Elizabeth Allen, before 1787 and probably in 1786, instead of 1796. He was not the son of Micajah Sr. and probably not the son of John. He was most likely the son of Samuel Woody, who did not leave a record of his children; however, Micajah Jr. could have been a contemporary of John, Micajah Sr. and Samuel. Since Elizabeth Allen had seven children, Micajah was probably middle aged or older when he was married about 1786 and he only lived for a couple of years until about 1788.           
            An important common thread connecting the early 19th
century Wooddys from King 1824 Woody Mail ContractorsWilliam, Hanover and elsewhere was the mail transportation business. The image at the right is from the "Mail Contractors" section of the 1824 National Calendar and Annals of the United States. Since these businesses probably employed various members of the families, it would seem that the Wooddys of this area regularly vi1809 Wooddy Mail Contractors in Georgia News sited other localities, some quite distant. The Wooddys were employed as mail contractors as early as 1809 as the unclaimed mail newspaper advertisement from the Augusta Chronicle shows. Augusta is in Wilkes County, Georgia, the parent county of Oglethorpe County, the home of Henry Talley Woody, discussed below. Henry also used the Augusta post office to receive mail. For a more detailed description of the Mail Contracting business and other Woody/Wooddy Mail Contractors, click here.
            The Battle of Cold Harbor, in Hanover County, was
one of the Civil W1860 Hanover Home of David's bloodiest, most lopsided battles. Between May 26, 1864 and June 3, 1864, thousands of Union soldiers were slaughtered in a hopeless frontal assault against the heavily fortified Confederate troops of Gen. Robert E. Lee. For a time, the farmhouse of David Wooddy, about three miles south of Mattedequin Creek, was the headquarters of Union Maj. Gen.  Ambrose E. Burnside. The Wooddy farmhouse still stands and the adjoining property is home to a modern subdivision called Wooddy's Hundred. The nearby Cold Harbor National Cemetery contains the remains of Union soldiers that were originally interred on "Woody's Farm". This 1861 map of Hanover and surrounding counties shows the Cold Harbor area. This June 3, 1864 map of the battle clearly shows the "Woody house".
            Many of the descendants of the Hanover Woodys used the Wooddy variation, so it is relatively easy to locate more recent records. For instance, six Wooddys are buried in the Perrin (a.k.a: Snead, Wooddy) Family Cemetery in Hanover. This cemetery is about two miles north of Totopotomoy Creek. Also, there are Wooddys listed in current area telephone directories. So, Wooddys have lived in this area for at least 320 years.
            Mark W. Wooddy, the grandson of William Samuel Wooddy, has kindly provided us with the full names and exact birth dates of the nine children of James P. Wooddy (1772-1839), one of the sons of John and Ruth Wooddy mentioned above. Many of the Wooddys living in present day Hanover seem to be the descendents of James and his wife Mary Q. Jones Wooddy, who were married in 1795. This data confirms and considerably enhances the research that we have done. William Samuel received this data from his older cousin, Harriet Wooddy Wright. Also, Mark has provided us with several images of his forefathers. These images are here.
            We have been able to find only a very few published lineages or discussions of this line. This seems a little odd to us, but if the reader knows of such information, we will greatly appreciate your assistance.  Also, it would be very helpful to have a Woody DNA Project participant from this branch. Many more details about this branch are in the Database.           


John Woody of Goochland Co., Virginia

            On September 16, 1740, John Woody received a land grant for 375 acres among the branches of the Byrd Creek in Goochland County. His neighbors were James Johnson and Francis Baker, but John already owned adjacent land, since the grant description mentions his existing property line. His previous ownership is also confirmed since, on February 20, 1738, he and William Martin were mentioned as surveyors for the Mountain Road. The Mountain Road stretched from Richmond west across the Blue Ridge and was the main east-west thoroughfare of the period. The road was also know as the Three Notch'd Road and the Chopped Road since the bordering trees were blazed with three hatchet marks. Small sections of this road can still be found on modern road maps. Research done by the the staff of the Virginia Transportation Research Council has resulted in the Roadway route depicted on a current Virginia county map.. On this map, the upper branches of Byrd Creek are in the northeast corner of Fluvanna County very near the Louisa and Goochland borders.

            John added to his property on December 15, 1741 when he purchased 200 acres on both sides of a large branch of Byrd Creek from Abraham Venable. This tract was part of a 2000 acre parcel that Abraham patented on June 20, 1733. Abraham Venable owned over 10,000 acres in Virginia and most of the residents of the Byrd Creek area purchased their land from him. In 1744, Arthur Hopkins, Gentleman, was charged with the duty of listing the tithables on the north side of the James River from Ballenger's Creek to Lickinghole Creek. (the upper branches of Byrd Creek are a few miles east of Ballenger Creek in present day Fluvanna). Included in his list of some four hundred residents were the consecutive names of Jn Woodey, [torn] Bankes, Wm Martin and Jn Curby. On August 8, 1748 and May 13, 1751, John sold his two plots which were by then in Albemarle County.
 One of the buyers was John Howard of Hanover County. Arthur Hopkins was one of the witnesses on the 1751 deed. The deeds do not mention that John's wife relinquished her dower, so we assume that she had died by then. In 1755, a detailed map of this area was published. This map was based on the surveys of Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson, the father of President Thomas Jefferson.
        Will Banks and Elizabeth Martin were married September 15, 1753 in Dover Church, the same church that Henry Woody and Susannah Martin were married January 13, 1761.
William Banks, the neighbor of John Woody, died in Albemarle County sometime before July 26, 1762, when his widow Elizabeth Martin Banks Wilkerson and her new husband Jarrott Wilkerson were appointed administrators of his estate. Among others mentioned in the accounting were John, Henry and Thomas Woody. Thomas was paid for "one years hire". 
           John Woody was mentioned again as a creditor in the probate of the estate of Arthur Hopkins on May 31, 1765. Dr. Arthur Hopkins, Gentleman, was a resident of the Byrd Creek community, a very well know physician, a high sheriff and a justice of the peace. He was also a witness to the sale of John Woody's property on Byrd Creek in 1751.
           The descendants of Henry, Thomas and William Banks Woody have matching yDNA. Additionally, these men were close associated with the Martin and the Banks families and the Martin and Banks names were used as Woody given names.  For these reasons and other circumstantial evidence, we have concluded that the wife of John Woody was a Banks and that Henry, Thomas and William Banks Woody were John's sons. The details concerning the Henry, Thomas and William Woody branches and their lineages are at Woody Family Roots.



William & Henry Woody of Bedford Co., Virginia

            William Woody was taxed for personal property in Bedford Co., Virginia for the years 1782 - 1814. In 1778, he purchased 89 acres on Little Otter Creek and in 1780, he added another 106 acres to his holdings in this area. In 1781, he helped inventory the estate of Lynah Brown and in 1789, he witnessed the will of James Brown, the father of William's wife Margaret Brown. William is one of the only Woodys in this area to own land and leave a will. The will of March 30, 1812 names his wife and his daughter Betsey, who confusingly, had married James Brown, the son of the abovementioned Lynah, in 1794. Betsey and James Brown moved to Kanawha County, along with several other Woodys families from the surrounding counties. Many more details about this branch are in the Database. Interestingly, a William Wooddie was also noted in 1758 as a Private in the the Bedford militia; however, this William may have been the husband of Sarah Percell/Purcell and the progenitor of a completely different line of Woodys that supposedly emigrated from England a rather short time earlier. This family soon moved to northern North Carolina in the mid-1750s and later to South Carolina. To see our analysis of this situation, click here.
After moving from Amherst County, Henry Woody was taxed for personal property in Bedford every year between 1782 and 1792. In 1784 and 1785, Henry Woody purchased  233 acres on Camp Branch in Bedford County from the 16,000 acre inheritance of Robert and Thomas Pleasants. Henry and Susanna sold this property to Benjamin Bird  in 1791 and then purchased a farm in Franklin County in 1792. Henry's son, Randolph, was married in Bedford in 1790.
  Even more interestingly to us is the 1758 Bedford County  record which Henry Wooddy was mentioned in a letter to George Washington. At this time, Washington was commander of the British forces in Virginia and this communication described a deadly skirmish with Native Americans in southern Bedford County.
            Since we have not been able to ascertain an approximate birth date for William, the husband of Margaret Brown Woody, it is very difficult to even posit his relationship to the other Woodys in the area surrounding Bedford. It is possible that William and Henry Woody might have been brothers; however, the William Banks Woody that was recorded in the Douglas Register with Henry seems to be a much better candidate. Henry and William B. both had a child baptized on March 12, 1764 in Dover Church, Goochland County. Henry and William B. later moved to the adjacent counties of Franklin and Henry.
The details concerning the Henry and William Banks Woody branches are in Woody Family Roots.
            So we are assuming that the later William Woody of Bedford was probably the brother of Henry Woody of Henrico County, described in the next section. A William Woody is mentioned
in the 1766 estate settlement of of Henry of Henrico, but that is the only reference to William Woody that we have found in Henrico in that time frame. This probably indicates that William did not own land in Henrico at the time of Henry's death and may have not lived in that county.


            On September 21, 1745,  Henry Woody of Hanover paid Nicolas Pryer of Henrico County 40 for 170 acres at the head of Drinking Hole Branch of Tuckahoe Creek in the County and Parish of Henrico. The witnesses were Benjamin Johnson, William Street and Sarah Johnson. The deed for this sale is a very important document since it connects Henry Woody of Hanover to Henrico County. A later deed mentions that Henry lived on this property, so the transaction was not simply land speculation. Since Henry was never recorded in the processioning records of Hanover County, it is assumed that he was a relatively young man when he made the move. Also, there is some evidence that he lived in Henrico before he purchased the land. In 1752, freeholder Henry Woody voted for William Randolph and Bowler Cocke as Burgesses of Henrico County. Another voter was Richard Contrell. Henry Woody and his wife, Webby, sold property, "being the land said Woody now lives" to William Henley on March 3, 1755. Their neighbors were Benjamin Johnson, Leonard Henley and John Martin. On September 6, 1762, William Henley and his wife Mary sold 50 acres to Austin (Augustin) Woody for 7. This land was adjacent to the property that Henry Woody had sold Henley a few years earlier.
            Henry Woody died shortly before November, 1766 when his will was proved in Henrico by his widow, Webby* Woody. Security was provided by William Woody and Stephen Spurlock. The court ordered Thomas Ellis, Samuel Shepherd and Richard Cottrell to appraise the estate. Very unfortunately, the will has not survived. Although several other Woodys are mentioned in the Henrico records, William Woody is not one of them. Because of this absence, we think it is probable that this William is the
William Woody of Bedford County, described above. This William did not seem to leave any male descendants.
            The Cottrell surname was almost as rare as Woody in Colonial Virginia. Although none of the Woodys are mentioned in the The Vestry Book of Henrico Parish, Virginia 1730 - 1773, Richard Cottrell  was noted as a processioner several times. Richard Cottrell, Henry Woody and Austin Woody are the links between the Woodys of Henrico County and the Woodys of the Blue Ridge region of Virginia. On September 7, 1785, Samuel Woody married Mrs. Elizabeth Denis in Henrico. Consent for Elizabeth was provided by Mr. and Mrs. Rich'd Cottrell and Henry Woody provided security. Richard Cottrell was the father of Elizabeth and Henry Woody was son of either Henry Woody Sr. or Austin/Augustine. Samuel Woody died about 1809: however, we have identified Richard C. Woody and Pocahontas R. Woody as his and Elizabeth's children. Recently, the research of Barbara Taylor has uncovered an autosomal DNA match that has confirmed that Samuel S. Woody (1788-1860) as another son of Samuel and Elizabeth. In 1843, Elizabeth Cottrell Dennis Woody, then a widow of 87, deposed for the widow, Martha Kirby Woody, on her pension application based on the Revolutionary War service of her husband Benjamin Woody. Elizabeth stated that
"She was well acquainted with Benjamin Woody who was the brother of her deceased husband Samuel Woody...". Our previous research has discovered direct primary evidence proving that John, Austin and Hawkins Woody were sons of Benjamin Woody. Recently, Nancy Woody Whitesell has uncovered direct primary evidence that adds Fleming Woody to this list. We believe that descendants of all of these men are eligible for membership in the DAR and similar organizations.
            Although some of our research is based on circumstantial evidence, we are reasonably sure that two of the sons of Henry Woody moved to Buckingham and Fluvanna counties about 1776. These sons were Austin/Augustine and Henry Woody and their sons were: Benjamin (2), Augustine/Austin, Henry, Samuel
and William Woody. These men were the forefathers of most of the Woodys found in Albemarle, Amherst, Bedford, Buckingham, Fluvanna and Nelson Counties, as well as, the city of Lynchburg, Virginia from the late 18th century until the present time. We are very grateful to Daniel Moore who has provided us with copies of many primary evidence documents concerning the descendants of one of the Benjamin Woodys mentioned directly above. By about 1830, a small number of Woodys had moved west into Kanawha and Putnam Counties which became part of West Virginia when that state was formed in 1863; however, the vast majority remained in the same general area that their forefathers had settled starting about 1776. Many more details about this branch are in the Database.

*Webby Woody was transcribed and published as Westly Woody by a very good transcriber. This error threw us off the track for a while since we tried to find the non-existent Westly. This is a good example of the value of seeing an image of the original document.


Augustine, Benjamin, Henry, Samuel & William Woody of the Lynchburg, Virginia Area
(Primarily Amherst, Albemarle, Bedford, Buckingham & Nelson Counties) 

        The Virginia Woodys began their westward movement from the New Kent, Hanover & Goochland County area in the mid-1700s. A very large number ended up in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains near Lynchburg. This area, along with the Mitchell and Yancey county area in North Carolina and the area around Knoxville in East Tennessee still contain the largest concentrations of Woodys in the world. It is interesting that all of these areas are part of the Appalachian Mountain chain. The incredible loss of Virginia records makes it virtually impossible to pinpoint the earliest Woody migrants and their exact arrival dates in the Lynchburg region. The discussion below is primarily based on surviving land, tax and other court records. Most of these records have not been transcribed and are only available from the Library of Virginia and LDS microfilm archives. It must be emphasized that, although the discussion below is based on the actual legitimate sources (facts) mentioned above, the family connections assumed should only be considered as opinions, not facts. That is, almost of the assumed early family connections are based on circumstantial evidence. Some of this evidence is very strong, but much is only average or weak; however, as more unindexed, difficult to read images of original records are investigated by diligent researchers, these assumed family connections can be verified, modified or dismissed.
        These sparse records indicate that Augustine and Henry Woody were first recorded in Buckingham County about 1775. They were probably the sons of Henry Woody of Henrico County. The father of Henry can only be guessed at, but was likely James, John or Samuel Woody of Hanover County. In any event, the sons of Augustine and Henry seem to have been Augustine, Benjamin, Henry, Samuel and William. Another early migrant to this area was William Woody of Bedford County. He may also have been a son of Henry of Henrico, but that is less clear. This William does not seem to have had any surviving sons.
        In the 1840 Virginia census, about 330 Woody (and variations) heads-of-households were enumerated. The majority of these families resided in the Lynchburg area. The 1940 census enumerates about 1100 Woody individuals in Virginia and, although the Woody population was much more dispersed, the majority still resided in the Lynchburg area.
        yDNA has shown that virtually all United States Woodys with Virginia roots are related. Although a discussion of the Lynchburg Woody family lineages is beyond the scope of this page, nearly all can be found in the Database.


James, John & Thomas Woody of Pittsylvania Co., Virginia

            On February 28, 1774,  James Woody of Cumberland County purchased 30 acres in Southam Parish, Cumberland County from Hugh Woodson for 45. On December 28, 1778, James and his wife Lewcy Woody of Powhatan County sold this property to Creacher Baugh for 150, a significant profit. Since Powhatan County was created from Southam Parish, Cumberland County in 1777, the property was now in Powhatan County. This event is extremely important since it places James Woody very close to the Buckingham County Woody residences of that time and close to Hanover County, the ancestral American home of the Woodys. The dates also dovetail very well with the first record of James Woody in Pittsylvania County in 1782. No other Woodys are recorded in the early Cumberland County deed books; however, a Henry Woody is recorded as the plaintiff in a Cumberland County lawsuit with Bartlett Thompson in 1784 and 1785. This person was most likely the Henry Woody who signed a petition in nearby Buckingham County in 1779 and1780 Partial Virginia County Map. was first taxed in that county in 1782 (See Henry of Henrico, directly above). The small map at the right shows the counties of interest as they were in 1780. We have checked The Vestry Book of Southam Parish, Cumberland County, Virginia, 1745-1792 (part of Southam Parish was in Powhatan County in 1777-1792) to see if any Woodys are named in the processioning records: however, as with most Vestry Books (See Henry & John Woody: An Analysis of the Vestry Books of St. Paul's, Henrico and St. James Northam Parishes), the processioners are named, but the landowners are only recorded occasionally. There is no record of any Woody in the Vestry Book, but Cruther Baugh is named as a processioner in 1779 and 1783. As mentioned elsewhere, very few Woodys had the means to purchase land at this time, so it is very interesting that the abovementioned James and Henry were among the few. The other was William of Bedford. Because of their fortunate financial status, we have believed for some time that Henry and William were the sons of landowner Henry Woody of Henrico County, who died testate in 1766. Henry's will has not survived; however, a William Woody provided security at the probate proceedings. We now think it is quite possible that James Woody of Cumberland and Pittsylvania was another son of Henry of Henrico. However, these posited connections are entirely conjecture at this point.
            The analysis of the early lineage of this Woody branch is complicated by several circumstances. First, the Pittsylvania Woodys lived in the southeast corner of the county, very close to the county lines of Halifax, Virginia and Person and Caswell, North Carolina. Pertinent records have been found in all of these counties. Also, some of these records present inconsistent, conflicting and puzzling evidence. The most perplexing evidence involves the abundance of John Woodys mentioned in these records; however, a successful resolution of these complications could result in a major extension of the lineage. As more evidence is discovered, the assumptions and conclusions associated with this line are likely to be revised.
            The 1782 Pittsylvania County, Virginia census includes James Woody with four other white individuals in his home.
As mentioned above, Pittsylvania County was formed from Halifax County in James Woody in 1782 Pittsylvania County Census1767 and many land records have survived from the early days of Pittsylvania. However, it was not until 1780 that John Woody (over 21, thus born before 1759), "son of James Woody of the County of Pittsylvania", bought 235 acres along Sandy and Cane Creeks from the estate of Nathaniel Ayers. The wording of this deed suggests that the document is a copy that was first filed in another county; however, if so, we have not found the original. A little later, on August 1, 1781, Thomas Woody (over 21, thus born before 1760) purchased 100 acres on Sandy Creek from Uriah Owen. On February 13, 1785, William Owen sold John Woody junr 200 acres on the waters of Sandy Creek. Be aware that the term "junior" did not necessarily imply a farther-son relationship. The term was often used to distinguish between between two men with the same names that lived in the same area. In this case, it is proof that the writers of deed were aware of two John Woodys: One was old enough to purchase property (over 21) and one older than the property buyer. Cane and Sandy Creeks are tributaries of the Dan River located in the southeastern part of Pittsylvania County near the Halifax County, Virginia border and also, near the borders of Caswell and Person Counties, North Carolina. We have found Woody deeds along the state border of all four counties.
             James, John and Thomas Woody continued to buy and sell substantial parcels of land in this area for some twenty years. James died intestate in 1818, but the records of his estate settlement name a widow Lucy, sons James Jr., John and Thomas and daughters Frances Woody and Polly Arnett. By the time of James' death, his son John had moved to Georgetown, South Carolina where grandson, John Thomas was born in 1808 and enumerated in the census of 1840. John Thomas later lived in Charleston, South Carolina and, near the time of the Civil War, he moved to Chicago, Illinois with some of his family. In the mid-1850s, several descendants of James Woody Sr. moved to the adjacent Kentucky counties of Logan, Todd and Warren. James Woody Jr. was enumerated in the 1850, 1860 and 1870 censuses of Warren County. Pleasant Woody, the son of James Jr.'s brother Thomas was enumerated in this area from 1840 through 1860. However, the most prolific of these descendents was Wesley Thomas Woody, the father of seventeen children. Wesley was enumerated in Logan County from 1860 through 1880. In 1860, he and Pleasant Woody lived on adjacent properties. While no primary evidence has been found to positively identify the parents of Wesley, significant circumstantial evidence indicates that Wesley was the son of Pleasant and Permelia Walters Woody. Permelia died in Pittsylvania County when Wesley was an infant. This evidence is detailed in a Database Note associated with Wesley Thomas Woody.            
            The yearly collection of Pittsylvania County personal property taxes began in 1782. We have  viewed these tax records and discovered that James was the only Woody personal property taxpayer in Pittsylvania until Thomas was added to the list in 1807. Thomas' first tax date implies a birth date of about 1786 and this date is supported by the 1820 census birth date range of 1775/1794. If this is the correct birth date estimate for Thomas, the Thomas that bought property 1781 (described above) was a different person. Since James' son John was never assessed for personal property taxes in Pittsylvania, we assume that he was living in one of the nearby Virginia or North Carolina counties; however, the analysis of records is complicated by a second John Woody living in the same area. For example, the 1814 Person County, North Carolina records describe a sale of named slaves by John Woody to his "brother James Woody" of Pittsylvania County. These same named slaves were mentioned in the later estate settlement for James of Pittsylvania.
            Very conclusive primary evidence leads us to conclude that the John Woody that bought land in 1780 Pittsylvania was indeed the son of James. This conclusion has several implications: John was older than his enumerated birth date of 1770-1780 in the 1830 Georgetown, South Carolina census. Since this record of enumeration is a clerk's copy that was made from the original record, it may have been a transcription error. The transcription of the 1780 deed implies that John was at least 21 when he made the land purchase; however, John sold this land in 1801 and this transcript states that the land was a gift from James. So, we are estimating the birth date of John to be 1761. This birth date implies that John's mother was not Lucy and that his father, James, was older than we previously estimated. We now estimate James birth date as being before 1741. The 1785 deed that mentions a "John junr" as a land buyer again complicates the analysis; however, John, the son of James, also sold this land in 1801, so John Jr. was the son of James. Since there were other John Woodys living in the nearby Franklin County, Virginia and Orange County, North Carolina, one of these men could have been the implied John Woody Sr;  however, John Sr. was probably the brother of James mentioned in 1814 Person County slave transaction. We have discovered several land transaction records of John Woody(s) very close by in Halifax County and Caswell County, North Carolina; however, there are no records of land tax assessments in either county. In the Halifax 1794-1804 period, John Woody was assessed personal property taxes five times and, in 1804, he was recorded as John Woody Senr. However, by this time, there was a younger John Woody, son of David, living close by in Person County, North Carolina. The only Caswell personal property assessment was in 1786. So John Woody appears to have lived mostly in Halifax County, Virginia, but participated in real estate speculation in Pittsylvania, Halifax and Caswell.
            We know that James of Pittsylvania had a brother John and we assume that the older Thomas Woody and the David Woody of Person County, North Carolina were likely the brothers or close relatives of James and John. Their father/fathers would have been contemporaries of John of Goochland and Henry of Tuckahoe Creek. We have found a James Woody that is a likely candidate for the father of these men in Louisa County in 1743. He would have been born before 1722. In 1752, this James seems to have sold considerable personal property from his "plantation" to John Brooks. Apparently, James did not own the land he was living on, since John Brooks purchased this property from Richard and Elizabeth Henderson earlier the same year. John Brooks is interesting since there was a very strong Woody/Brooks connection in Caswell, Halifax and Person Counties. We do not know what happened to this James, but we have also found a John Woody in 1757 Halifax County, Virginia. We have assumed that this John Woody was the brother of James Woody of Pittsylvania.
            However, the most perplexing thing to us is the source of money that all of these Woodys seemed to suddenly acquire in the late 1700s. Land ownership provided the major asset of most people at this time and, after the widow's dower, their assets were usually passed on to their children at their death. In fact, inheritance in Virginia was based on primogeniture law and customs until 1785. The result of this situation usually meant that the eldest son of the deceased received the bulk of the estate. Land and slaves were the most important assets in most Virginia estates and  only a very few Woodys possessed such assets. We know of only a few candidate Woodys in this area that died owning land. Henry of Henrico died in 1766 and Samuel of Hanover died c.1788 (see above). However, since there are infrequent early Woody records in Hanover and the counties west of Hanover, it is quite possible that the early Pittsylvania Woodys were sons and/or grandsons of James and/or John Woody of Hanover.
            yDNA comparisons show that James Woody was very closely related to the other Woodys of western Virginia. The Woodys appearance in Pittsylvania in 1780 indicates that they arrived at that time or/and they suddenly came into a substantial amount of money at that time. There are several tantalizing clues that might lead to the parents of James Woody and our research continues.
           Our thanks goes to Charles Owen Woody for his excellent basic research and documentation of much of this line, Sharon Petersen for sharing her research on the descendants of Wesley Thomas Woody and Timothy Fisher for sharing information from the Bible of his great grandparents, William and Isadora Woody Fisher. In late 2011, Charles self published his research and family recollections as The Woodys of Fayette County Tennessee. In addition to the descendants of James Woody of Pittsylvania, this well researched book includes the collateral lines of Rodgers, Morris, Baldwin, Chappell, Ivy, Linton, Walker and Lea. 
            Many more details about this complicated branch are in the Database.


David Woody of Person Co., North Carolina

            This branch of Woodys is not genetically related to the vast majority of Virginia Woodys; however, the progenitor first appears in Virginia. In addition, most of the research had been completed before the genetic situation was discovered. So, along with the following discussion, David Brooks/Woody and his descendants have been included in the database. Our unproven assumption is that David was the son of an unknown male and a female Woody; however, the virtually identical yDNA of his three tested descendants has not yet been positively linked with any surname in the FTDNA or ySearch databases.
            The story of David Woody, aka David Brooks, (1750 - 1821) of Person County, North Carolina, began with the research on the John & Mary Betts Woody family, first found in the 1830 Halifax County, Virginia census. John was born 1780/1790 and the couple were married December 8, 1817 in Halifax. John & Mary's son Samuel B. Woody married Mary Ann Blackwell and we have been able to uncover a descendant trail for two of their sons: William B. Woody of Texas and Dr. Samuel Elisha Woody of  Louisville, Kentucky. This John Woody led us to the excellent research of Dr. McIver Woody, a descendant of John & Mary. Dr. Woody died in 1970; however, his granddaughter, Charlotte, has very kindly provided us with a copy of his unpublished research. During his research, Dr. Woody discovered that the father of John Woody was  David Woody of Person Co., North Carolina. David is surrounded by mystery and contradiction.
Person County property tax records indicate that a David Brooks paid taxes on 111 acres from 1793 through 1803. In 1803, the personal property tax for David Brooks was was based on 1 white poll and 3 black polls. In 1804 the exact same enumeration was recorded for David Woody: 111 acres, 1 white poll and 3 black polls. David Woody continued paying taxes on 111 acres until 1817. There are no other land plot of this size in the records, nor has a record of land transfer from David Brooks to David Woody been found. Dr. Woody also posited that David Woody was the David Brooks that married Anna/Ona Gravett, January 7, 1783, in Halifax Co., Virginia.  When David made his will in January 1821, he owned land lying on both sides of the border of North Carolina and Virginia. Dr. Woody also suspected that David was the person that signed a petition with Henry, John and Martin Woody in Albemarle/Amherst Co., Virginia in 1776.
            However, there is also evidence that detracts from some of this story. The David Woody, mentioned above with Henry Woody, was recorded in the 1791-1792 Bedford Co., Virginia tax records, along with Henry Woody. From 1797 through 1803, David paid taxes in Franklin Co., Virginia, as did Henry. Henry Woody did not name David Woody in his will, so we have always assumed that David died before Henry. However, the perfect fit of the Franklin  and Person County tax records suggests that David Woody moved from Franklin to nearby Person in 1803/1804. It is possible that David lived with or near Henry in Bedford and Franklin, but was not the son of Henry. We have not found any record that names David Woody's wife. Another significant complication is that both a David Woody and a David Brooks, both over age 45, were enumerated in the 1820 Person County census.
            The research documentation of Dr. Woody provides insight into another very interesting connection. In 1814 Person County, a John Woody sold three named slaves to "my loving brother of the county of Pittsylvania and state of Virginia", for "good will and affection" and "one silver dollar". David and Thomas Woody witnessed the bill-of-sale. This John seems too young to be the son of David Woody. The names of these three slaves are also mentioned in documents associated with the James Woody (discussed above) of Pittsylvania. This apparent connection is not surprising since the home of the Woody family near the Dan River in Southeast Pittsylvania was only about 20/25 miles from the home of the Woody family near the Hyco River in northern Person County, North Carolina and the John Woody property on Bold Creek in Halifax County, Virginia. So, it seems that James Woody of Pittsylvania had a brother named John and they are both somehow connected to David and Thomas Woody.
            In 1781 Caswell Co., North Carolina, Artha Brooks of Caswell sold 250 acres, adjoining the Virginia line, to John Woody of same. In 1785, John Woodde of Caswell sold 250 acres on Bold Branch, adjoining the Virginia line, to David Brooks of same. A neighbor was Arthur Brooks. This John Woody was either the son or brother of James Woody of neighboring Pittsylvania County, Virginia. In 1787, David Brooks of Caswell sold 139 acres on Bold Branch to John Tatum of same. On February 1, 1791, Person County, North Carolina was formed from Caswell County. The formation of a new county from Caswell left David Brooks with 111 acres in Person County. This was undoubtedly the same David Brooks that paid taxes on 111 acres in Person County from 1793 through 1803. We now conclude that the preponderance of primary evidence indicates that David Brooks and David Woody were one and the same person.
           Bold Branch no longer appears on maps of Halifax or Person Counties. We strongly suspect that this stream is now called Bowle's Branch, which is just east and south of the Hyco River. In Person County, the highway that parallels Bowle's Branch is called Woody's Store Road.  
 Sometime the results of yDNA testing provide surprising information, but that is the nature of yDNA and yDNA surname projects. If we could forecast these results in advance, we would not have much of a reason to do the testing and compare the results in DNA projects.
            We are now very fortunate to have three participants in the Woody DNA Project from this line. Their yDNA results show that they are not genetically related to the three major Woody lines that have been confirmed by the project. Also, they are not genetically related to any Brooks line that has been established by yDNA testing. Although we were surprised by this result, it is not an unusual event in other DNA surname projects. Most of these projects have many genetically unrelated lines and sometimes, a great many. However, one aspect the result is somewhat unusual: The yDNA of these three men is virtually unique in that it does not match favorably with any other yDNA tested surname in the United States. We are aware of this type of event occurring in other DNA projects, but it is a first for our project. As discussed below, we have very significant evidence that David Brooks purchased property from John Woodde in a part of Caswell County that later became Person County. He sold a portion of this property and was taxed on the remaining 111 acres in Person for several years before being taxed on the same property for several more years as David Woody. As David Woody, he witnessed a sale of property from John Woody to James Woody of Pittsylvania County, Virginia. So the Woodys of Caswell and Pittsylvania seem to have been acquainted and most likely considered themselves "family". Many reasons for this genetic result can be hypothesized, some straightforward and some complex; however, we do not enough evidence to propose a favorite at this time. One very obvious possibility is that the American progenitor of this line was the Robert Woody of Norfolk, who is discussed above; however, this possibility is not supported by any primary evidence at all. In the future, a yDNA match with a non-Woody surname may provide evidence of a likely father and/or ancestor candidate for David Woody/Brooks, but basic research could also produce this evidence. At any rate, we now have four confirmed genetic Woody lines in the project. The details of this surprising outcome can be found on the "Discussion" page of the Woody DNA Project.

            We cannot be sure why David Woody used the surname Brooks for so long. There are several possible reasons for this behavior, but the most compelling to us is that David was an orphan or born out of wedlock. The customs and the laws of that time dictated that children born out of wedlock be given their mother's surname. Later on, David could have decided to use his father's surname.
Recently, one of the Woody yDNA project participants has also taken the FTDNA Family Finder (autosomal) test. The results of this test shows a modest match (4th cousin) with a descendant of Jeremiah Brooks, who was born about 1775 in Virginia and died in 1871 in Person County, North Carolina. To our knowledge, the parents of Jeremiah have not been proven and, since our Woody male does not match any Brooks yDNA, this autosomal match indicates a match with a female ancestor. This evidence reinforces our assumption that the mother of David was a Brooks; however, this female Brooks would have been born at least a generation before Jeremiah Brooks. 
Many more details about this line of Woodys are in the Database.

William & Samuel Woody of Loudoun Co., Virginia

            William Wooddy was first taxed in Loudoun Co., Virginia in 1799 and in the 1810 census he was enumerated as being born before 1765. In 1804, he was appointed postmaster of Loudoun County and served in that capacity until his death in 1823. His son, William Jr. was a well known and suc1822 William Wooddy Jr Advertisement in Baltimore Newscessful printer in Baltimore, Maryland. The advertisement on the right is from the February 15, 1822 edition of the Baltimore Sun. The will of William Sr. names his 2nd wife Elizabeth, sons William Jr., John, David and James and daughters Mary Jane Wooddy, Ruth Jones Wooddy, Sally Hamerly and Kitty Rose. The sons names duplicate most of those found in the will of John Woody of Hanover County and John's wife was Ruth. John was the likely brother of Micajah Wooddy, who was a Quaker (Society of Friends). Loudoun County had one of the largest concentrations of Quakers in Virginia; however, we have not found any evidence that William Sr. of Loudoun was a Quaker and William's son James was a Methodist Episcopal minister in Florida. On the other hand, we have found some evidence that suggests that William Jr., of Baltimore, was a Quaker or lapsed Quaker. Even though the marriage of William Jr. and Ruth Atkinson took place in the Baltimore First Methodist Episcopal Church, Ruth is recorded as a witness to two Quaker marriages in Baltimore. William Jr. printed some thirty-five books for the Quakers and most of the children of William Jr. and Ruth are buried in the New Elkridge Meeting House Cemetery (Ellicott Graveyard) on "Quaker Hill" in Ellicott City, Maryland. Since the tombstones are engraved, it is not likely that these Wooddys were Quakers, however the Friend's Intelligencer death notice for William III terms him "a member of Baltimore Monthly Meeting".
            The census and tax records of Loudoun and Hanover Counties, Virginia lead us to conclude that William Sr. of Loudoun was the son of either John or Micajah Wooddy of Hanover. This conclusion is reinforced by the Quaker connection of William Jr. of Baltimore. The will of John of Hanover named his son William as one of his estate executors. This William was born about 1760 so he is a good fit for William of Loudoun. However, Micajah Wooddy the Quaker, also had a son named William who was born about 1751 and disowned by the Quakers in 1772. He is also a good fit for William of Loudoun. Neither William seemed to have stayed long in Hanover after John Wooddy died in 1786. The most persuasive evidence to us is the correspondence of the names of the children of John of Hanover and William Sr. of Loudoun. Both had male children named William, John, David and James. The wife of John of Hanover was Ruth and William of Loudoun had a daughter named Ruth Jones Woody. This is especially informative since James P. Woody, another son of John of Hanover, named his first son John Jones Woody. While this is not conclusive evidence, we have assumed that John of Hanover was the father of William of Loudoun. 
             There seem to be living male descendants from this line, so it would be exceptionally helpful to have a Woody DNA Project participant.
            Samuel H. Wooddy is another Wooddy found in Loudoun and Jefferson Counties, Virginia. Samuel H. was bc. 1814, but does not seem to connect to the other Wooddys of this area. Samuel was born in Baltimore, Maryland and married Mary Lott on 29 Jan 1839 in Charles Town, Jefferson County, Virginia. There is family tradition that suggests that Samuel assumed the Wooddy name when he came to Loudoun County as a young man; however, a probably brother, Everett Woody, has been discovered (See below). While this situation does not totally discredit this tradition, it seems to decrease this possibility. Again, there seem to be male descendants of Samuel H. and Everett Wooddy/Woody. The yDNA from one or more of these descendants might help solve this mystery.
Many more details about this branch are in the Database.


Everett Woody of Maryland, Kentucky & Ohio       

            Everett and Sarah Locke Woody are first found in the 1850 Lawrence Co., Kentucky census with four children ranging from eight to one. Everett was enumerated as thirty and born in Maryland and Sarah was 28 and born in Virginia. Other documents reveal that Everett was born in Baltimore, Maryland and that Sarah's maiden  name was Locke. Their two oldest children were born in Virginia and the two youngest in Kentucky. Lawrence County is on the eastern edge of Kentucky and is separated from neighboring West Virginia by the Big Sandy River, a tributary of the Ohio River. West Virginia was formed in 1863 after seceding from Virginia and the Confederacy. So it is not surprising to find Sarah in Kentucky, but is astonishing to find a Woody from Maryland with her in 1850. While there were quite a few Woodys in different parts of western Virginia in 1850, virtually all of them came from the Blue Ridge Mountains in the area around Lynchburg, Virginia. Although there were no Lockes recorded in 1850 Lawrence, there were twenty-three in adjacent Carter County, Kentucky. All but one of these was born in Virginia or Kentucky. The exception was Nathan Locke, b.c. 1828, in Maryland. He was with Rachael Locke, b.c. 1791 in Virginia. The other two children with Rachael were born in Virginia. This was Rachael Market Locke, an apparent widow, who had married Neal Locke in Berkeley County Virginia on 9 Apr 1809. By 1860, Everett Woody had moved to nearby Lawrence County, Ohio and, by 1870, some of the Kentucky Lockes had joined him. Among them was Rachel Lock, age 79 and in born in Virginia, who was living with her apparent grandson, William Locke. Everett and Sarah Woody, along with their expanded family, were enumerated on the following census page and Albert Woody, the son of Everett and Sarah was enumerated on the preceding page. By 1880, Everett, Sarah and some of their family had moved to Athens County, Ohio, where Sarah died in 1890 and Everett died in 1892.
            So, we think that that there is virtually no doubt that Sarah Locke was the daughter of Neal and Rachel Market Locke and that she was most likely born in Berkeley or adjacent Frederick County, Virginia. The Woodys probably accompanied Sarah's parents to Kentucky. But what has all this got to do with Everett Woody from Baltimore, Maryland? Well, Berkeley County, Virginia bordered Maryland on the north.
To the east of Berkeley was Jefferson County, Virginia and adjacent to Jefferson was Loudoun County, Virginia, both which also bordered Maryland on the north. Jefferson was formed from Berkley in 1810. Both Jefferson and Loudoun were home to Wooddy families in the early 1800s (See above). The families were probably not genetically related, but this has not been proven. Baltimore is about fifty-two straight line miles from Leesburg, the county seat of Loudoun and about sixty-seven miles from Charles Town, the county seat of Jefferson.
            Based on the following evidence, we conclude that
Everett was most likely a brother of Samuel Wooddy, the progenitor of the Jefferson County Wooddys. Samuel was b.c. 1814 and lived in both Loudoun and Jefferson. The 1840 Jefferson census for Samuel shows two males in the 20/30 age range. In the 1850 census, Samuel was the only adult male enumerated. Records show that both Samuel and Everett were shoemakers. In 1965, the Charles Town, West Virginia "Spirit of Jefferson Farmers Advocate" reprinted the very short 1885 death notice for Samuel H. Woody, age seventy. Finally, although Samuel Woody was consistently census enumerated as being born in Virginia, we were fortunate to find the 8 June 1885 "Baltimore Sun" death notice for Samuel that states: "Samuel H. Woody, of Charlestown West Virginia, died last week, aged 70 years. He was a native of Baltimore."
            However, there is an addition possibility. William Wooddy, bc 1758, moved from Hanover County, Virginia to Loudoun County, Virginia before 1800 and was the postmaster of Leesburg for nearly twenty years. His son, William Jr., b. c. 1788, moved from Loudoun to Baltimore about 1815 and became a well known printer in that city. He married Ruth Atkinson in Baltimore on 12 June 1817 and they had four male and two female identified children. It seems that Everett Woody could have been the son of William Jr. or one of his brothers; however, the early Baltimore censuses do not seem to confirm this possibility.

            yDNA from a male Woody descendant of any or all of these men would likely help reveal their ancestral Woody line.
Many more details about this branch are in the Database.

Robert Woody of Lancaster, Middlesex & Richmond Co., Virginia
 (The father of seafarers)

            The tidewater counties of northeastern Virginia are not the place that most researchers would expect to find a descendant of the Hanover County, Virginia Wooddys. The migration pattern of almost all the early established residents of Colonial Virginia was from east to west. There were several reasons for this pattern: colonial tobacco farming techniques depleted the soil of it nutrients and gullied the land; colonial governments offered inexpensive land grants in the west; colonial primogeniture statues encouraged non-inheritors to find inexpensive land on the western frontier. So it is surprising to find the 1813 marriage bond of Robert Wooddy (1792 - 1845) to Polly Corey in Middlesex County on the south side of the Rappahannock River in northeastern Virginia. The bond notes that Polly was the daughter of David Corey, John Wooddy Sr. was Robert's guardian and John Wooddy Jr. provided the security and was a witness. John Wooddy Sr., the guardian, was almost surely the son of John Wooddy (1733 - 1786) of Hanover and the broth1806 John Woody Coach Advertisement in Richmond Newser of Frederick Wooddy, who died in in his late thirties in 1804. John and Frederick Wooddy lived in King William County in the late 1700s and early 1800s. Frederick's children are not proven, but it is reasonable to assume that his brother John became their guardian. On the left is an image of an 1806 Richmond Enquirer advertisement that explains the reason that the King William Wooddys were in tidewater Virginia. John Woody of King William was the proprietor of the stage coach business that provided service between Richmond and Tappahannock, the county seat of Essex County. Essex and Middlesex are on the south side of the Rappahannock River and Lancaster and Richmond Counties are on the north side. The Rappahannock is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay and most of the larger waterfront towns, such as Tappahannock, supported extensive maritime activities in the Colonial period.
            Apparently, Robert and Polly Wooddy lived in Hanover County for a few years after their marriage since Robert paid personal property taxes there in 1814 and 1815; however, Robert was enumerated in the 1820 Lancaster County census and in the 1830 Richmond County census. While living in Richmond County, Robert had at least three sons: Robert C. C. Wooddy, James Parker Wooddy and Frederick M. Wooddy. In 1836, Robert and his son Robert C. C. Wooddy witnessed a will in Hanover County. Both Robert C. C. and James Parker are documented as seafarers. James Parker was a well known and respected captain of a Confederate blockade runner in the Civil War. The only mention of Frederick M. that we have found was as a brother of James Parker in the 1880 census; however, this is an extremely important fact, since one of the sons of John Wooddy of Hanover was named Frederick. Perhaps the absence of this later Frederick Wooddy in the records indicates that he may have been a landless seafarer.
            Significant indirect/circumstantial evidence indicates that Robert Wooddy was the son of Frederick Wooddy and that is our assumption. It does not appear that there are any living male Woody/Wooddy descendants of the Robert Wooddy branch; however, this research has led us to a connection that we had not known before. In 1828, John William Wooddy (1801 - 1856) married Ann Nancy Corey, the daughter of the abovementioned David Corey and the widow of John Herron, in Lancaster County. This may have been the John Wooddy that provided surety and witnessed the marriage bond of the abovementioned Robert Wooddy; however, John William would seem to have been too young to be a bondsman.
Many more details about this branch are in the Database.


John J. Woody of Hanover Co., Virginia & Jefferson Co., Kentucky

            John Wooddy (1801 - 1856) died on February 10, 1856 in Jefferson County, Kentucky. His death record notes that he died at age fifty-five and that he was born in Hanover County, Virginia. John left a Jefferson County will dated January 6, 1837. In the will, he names wife Ann N. Woody and children John, George L. and Ann Jane Churchman. The will was proved March 9, 1857. On Feb 2,1865, his children agreed on the division of the land that they had inherited from their father, John J. Woody. In 1828, John had married Ann Corey Herron in Lancaster Co., Virginia. Ann was the daughter of the David Corey, the widow of John Herron and the sister of the Polly Corey that in 1813 married Robert Woody, mentioned above. yDNA results of two descendants of John J. Woody confirm that he had the same common ancestor as many other Woody DNA Project participants with roots in Colonial Virginia. George Llewellyn Woody was one of the children of John William and Ann Nancy Woody. George had at least three sons that migrated to Texas and there are many living descendants of this branch. The 1830 Pendleton County, Kentucky census enumeration of the household of Sally Woody includes a male & the female in the 20/30 range that may have been John J. and Ann Corey Woody. Sally Woody was likely the Sarah Woody that paid personal property taxes in Hanover Co., VA 1804-1825. This census indicates that Sally was born 1760/1770. The tax record and her birth date make her a perfect fit for the widow of Frederick Woody (1768-1804), who died at an early age. Frederick was the son of John Woody of Hanover and the brother of John Woody, the mail contractor from King William County. Frederick also lived in King William and was the very likely father of the Robert Woody (1792-1845) that married Polly Corey.  This circumstantial evidence leads us to conclude that it is also highly likely that John J. Woody was another son of Frederick and a grandson of John (1733-1786) and Ruth Woody of Hanover County, Virginia.
            Several online lineages contain detailed dates concerning births, marriages and deaths of John J. Woody, his wife and his descendants. The dates for John J. are consistent across these lineages and appear to be based on the same source, but this source is not identified. Detailed dates, such as these, are usually found in a family Bible or written family history.
More details about this branch are in the Database.

Samuel W. & William L. Woody of Richmond City
 & Chesterfield Co., Virginia

            Samuel W. Wooddy (1778 - 1856) was recorded in the 1810 Chesterfield County, Virginia census and he was very likely the same person that was taxed in Hanover County in 1801. He was also taxed in Chesterfield from 1802 until he moved to Richmond c. 1817. In 1803, Samuel Woody and Haley Cole had both testified for Obediah Hatcher in his suit against John Salle. This was probably the Samuel Wooddy that was mentioned in a May 11, 1799 Augusta (Georgia) Chronicle advisement concerning unclaimed mail at the Washington (Wilkes Co., Georgia) post office. A similar advisement was published for Henry Wooddy a year earlier in the same newspaper. During the War of 1812, Samuel was a Sergeant in Capt. Henry Heth's cavalry unit in the First Regiment of the Virginia Militia. Henry Heth was also the proprietor of an extensive coal mining operation in Chesterfield, across the James River from Richmond. In 1815, Samuel auctioned 320 acres, including Short's Tavern, near the Chesterfield coal fields between "Black Heth Coal Mines and Sally's Pitts". Samuel had acquired this property from Young William Short* in three transactions in 1805 and 1806. Ownership of this rather expensive property would seem to indicate that Samuel had received an substantial inheritance in the early 1800s. The estate of Samuel Woody Sr. of Hanover County (see John, Micajah & Samuel of Hanover Co., Virginia above) was settled in 1800 and his property was sold. Because Samuel Wooddy reached age twenty-one about this same time and because Samuel made significant land purchases shortly after, we have concluded that Samuel W. was a son of Samuel Woody Sr. and thus benefited substantially from the sale of the estate. The 1830 Richmond census records Samuel with five younger females and two males in the 20/30 age bracket. In 1831, Mary Woody died and her obituary reads "wife of Samuel Woody of Richmond, leaving husband and seven children".  The 1840 Richmond census shows two males in the 30/40 age bracket in Samuel's family, but when his son, Samuel Washington Wooddy, died in 1846 at age 41, his obituary mentions only his father and two sisters as survivors. There were very few Woodys in the Richmond area at this time and the William L. Woody, described immediately below, seems to be a good candidate for another son of Samuel; however, the obituary contradicts this proposition. Samuel lived until 1856 and he and two of his daughters, Amanda and Mary, are in the 1850 Richmond census. Many more details about this branch are in the Database.
            William L. Woody (c. 1809 - 1884) was first recorded in the 1840 Richmond, Virginia census. He was born in Virginia and had married Jane Williamson, a native of Scotland, in 1831. William and Jane had at least eight children, including Thaddeus M. Woody (1840 - 1906), a veteran of the Civil War. One of Thaddeus' grandsons was Thaddeus Braxton Woody (1901 - 2000), Professor Emeritus at the University of Virginia. There seem to be several living male Woody descendants of this branch. Many more details about this branch are in the Database.

        * Young William Short was the youngest son of Young Short and the brother of Archibald Short, our direct ancestor. Both Young William and Archibald paid for Ordinary (Tavern) Licenses in Chesterfield County. Young William received much of his property from his father's estate in 1795. He sold this property and moved to Oglethorpe, Georgia in about 1808. To see the history and genealogy of the Shorts/Shortts, go to Short Family Roots.


Henry Talley Woody of Wilkes & Oglethorpe Co., Georgia

            On 27 October, 1798, the Augusta (Wilkes Co., Georgia) Chronicle reported unclaimed mail for Henry Wooddy at the Washington (Wilkes County) post office. Samuel Wooddy was mentioned in same type of advisement published by the same newspaper on May 11, 1799. In 1801, Henry T. Woody (c. 1779 - 1812) was taxed in Capt. John Paxton's District of Wilkes County, Georgia. This was Henry's first taxation and indicates that Henry was born c. 1779. Henry Woody married Keziah Jennings in 1803 Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Oglethorpe had been formed from the northwestern portion of Wilkes County in 1793. Keziah's parents were from Henry and Pittsylvania Counties in Virginia. In 1806, Henry sold a 350 acre tract in Oglethorpe to Clement Glenn. Henry had purchased this land sometime after November 18, 1800. In 1808, Henry and his brother-in-law, William B. Culbertson, purchased 230 acres on the county line of Oglethorpe and Elbert.
              On October 7, 1809, Henry T. Wooddy of Goose Pond, placed a notice in the Washington, Georgia Monitor and Impartial Observer newspaper advising that he "being about to remove to the state of Virginia...has appointed George Hudspeth and Stephen Upton... to transact his business during his absence."  When Henry and Keziah sold their inherited land from the estate of Keziah's father, Miles Jennings in 1810, Obadiah Talley was living on the property. Obadiah was the son of Elisha and Ann Wooddy Talley of Hanover County, Virginia. The Talleys had moved to Edgefield District, South Carolina about 1798. Edgefield was just across the Savannah River from Wilkes and Oglethorpe Counties, Georgia, so it was not too surprising to find Obadiah in Oglethorpe. Ann was the daughter of Samuel Woody (c. 1717 - 1788) of Hanover.
            We have also discovered several Henry T. Wooddy death notices that were published in the December 3, 1812 Richmond newspapers. Henry died after "a long and painful disease" at 1812 Henry T. Wooddy Death Notice in Richmond NewsCapt. Haley Cole's Tavern in the coal fields area of northern Chesterfield County, Virginia, some ten miles west of Richmond. At that time, the above mentioned Samuel W. Wooddy was the only other recorded Wooddy/Woody in this area. In 1803, Samuel Woody and Haley Cole had both testified for Obediah Hatcher in his suit against John Salle, so the two men were also acquainted. Additionally, on December 7, 1810 in Chesterfield, a Henry Wooddy petitioned the Virginia Legislature to bring a certain slave William back into Virginia. The petition states that "some years ago your petitioner removed from this state to the state of Georgia carrying with him a family of negroes" and that "about nine months ago your petitioner returned to this state to live having sold in Georgia all his slaves excepting two slaves, William aforementioned ..." These circumstances and dates fit very well with the other details that we have discovered. The Samuel Wooddy in Chesterfield was likely the same person that was mentioned in a May 11, 1799 Augusta (Georgia) Chronicle advertisement concerning unclaimed mail at the Washington (Wilkes Co., Georgia) post office. Additionally, in 1809, John Wooddy Jr. and William Wooddy Jr. were mentioned  in similar advisements as mail contractors. See Woody/Wooddy Mail Contractors.
            In the early 1800s, the lives of Henry T. and Samuel are strikingly similar: they were both young men about the same age and they both purchased significant tracts of land at a young age, soon after the sale of the land of Samuel Woody Sr. of Hanover County, Virginia. In addition, Henry T. and Samuel Wooddy are recorded in close proximity in Wilkes County Georgia and Chesterfield County, Virginia and Henry T. was closely associated with Obadiah Talley, the son of Elisha and Ann Wooddy Talley, who was the daughter of Samuel Wooddy Sr. From this convergence of many facts, we conclude that Henry T. and Samuel W. Wooddy were brothers and the sons of Samuel Woody Sr. of Hanover (see John, Micajah & Samuel of Hanover Co., Virginia above). We also suspect that Henry's mother was a Talley; however, there were many Talleys living in Hanover County near the end of the 18th century. In addition to Elisha Talley, his brothers (or close relatives), Nathan and Caleb, seemed to have moved to Edgefield District, South Carolina about this time. Caleb, Elisha, Nathan and William S. Talley are noted in Augusta, Georgia newspaper advisements for unclaimed mail from 1796 through 1809.
            The only known child of Henry and Keziah was Samuel Rockingham Wooddy (1804 - 1863), who married Lorene Stamps and this couple and their children moved to Chambers County, Alabama about 1836. Here their family grew to at least fourteen.
This Woody branch has been previously well researched and documented; however, it is difficult to determine the original researcher, but it appears to be Will Stamps. There seem to be many living male Woody/Wooddy descendants from this branch. Many more details about this branch are in the Database.


William, Nicholas & Henry Woody of Spartanburg Co., South Carolina

            yDNA testing has resulted in one of the most interesting lineage discoveries known to us. The yDNA results of a descendant of William Woody, born about 1800 in South Carolina, have placed him in the Old Virginia Woody group. The northwestern portion of South Carolina has long been known as The Upcountry and, as the Spartanburg historian Dr. J. B. O. Landrum relates, "Many of the early settlers of the up-country were of English extraction and dissenters from the established church of the mother country. They were mostly immigrants from Virginia." Spartanburg is on the North Carolina border and was formed in 1785 from the old Ninety-Six Judicial District which was created in 1769. Directly west of Spartanburg is Greenville County, South Carolina where William and Sarah Persel Woody and many of their children lived for some time. William and Sarah supposedly emigrated from England to Virginia about 1740/1750, then moved on to North and South Carolina after a relatively short period. The story of William and Sarah, as well as, the names of their children and some of their grandchildren are related in the William C. Berry Day Book. So we were quite surprised when we found that William Woody of Spartanburg was part of the Old Virginia line.
            The 1817 Spartanburg will of George Rowland was witnessed by William and Nicholas Woody and mentions a daughter Nancy that William Woody apparently married about 1819. George's only son, Henry Rowland, was bequeathed the Rowland homestead at the death or remarriage of the widow Rowland.
            William and Nancy Woody were enumerated in the 1850 Spartanburg census and their family, at that time, apparently consisted of four sons and three daughters. Nicholas was one of their sons and another was James Madison Woody, who married Elizabeth Balinger. Over twenty years earlier, the Woodys and Rowlands were connected by the 1794 Richland Creek deed of Alexander Keenum which was witnessed by Henry Woody, John Woody and Geo Rowland. Also, the 1795 deed of Daniel White was witnessed by Samuel Woody and also notes Henry Wooddy and Thomas Hatherway as adjacent neighbors. A similar 1809 Spartanburg deed notes Jesse Woody as a witness.
In an online message board posting, David Trimmier has referenced a Rowland family tradition alleging that George Rowland travelled from his Henry County, Virginia home to South Carolina in the 1790s and "chose a farm owned by one Thomas Hathaway, situated 10 miles above Spartanburg Court House". This tradition fits the above deed facts perfectly since the name Rowland, or such, does not appear in the 1790 Spartanburg census and a George Rowland was recorded as being taxed for 100 acres in 1782/1783 Pittsylvania County, Virginia and in 1790 Henry County, Virginia. Additionally, the 1780 Pittsylvania will of John Rowland contains a bequeathal of land on Marrowbone Creek to his brother, George Rowland who had a grist mill on this waterway. Marrowbone Creek ended up in Henry County when Henry was formed from Pittsylvania in 1790. This evidence leads us to conclude that it is very likely that the George Rowland of Spartanburg Co., South Carolina was indeed from Henry Co., Virginia as the tradition alleges; however, we do not see how that George the brother of John Rowland could have been this person. George from Henry seems to have been much too old to have had at least nine children the the period of 1790-1810. The will of John Rowland names another George Rowland, the son of his brother Gilbert. This could have been the person that moved to Spartanburg or it could have been another unrecorded George Rowland in this family.
            Unfortunately, we have not found any connection between the Woodys and Rowlands in Virginia; however, we have discovered a Virginia Woody occupation that may help explain the Woody presence in South Carolina. From the early to the late 1800s, the Virginia Woodys  are positively documented as Mail Contractors. In particular, newspaper documentation exists that places Woody mail contractors in Augusta, Georgia in 1809. Henry Talley Woody (see narration above) was born about 1779 and died in 1812 very near Richmond, Virginia; however, he was documented as living in the Augusta, Georgia area since 1798. Henry's Tally relatives from Virginia also lived in the same area at this time. We believe that Henry Talley Woody was born in Virginia and moved to Georgia at an early age and that his move was probably connected to the Woody mail contractor business. This business may have also been the reason that Henry Woody was in Spartanburg County, South Carolina and John Woody was in adjacent Laurens County. To see more about the Woody Mail Contractors, click here.
            The image shown on the right is a very small section of an 1825 Mills' Atlas map of Spartanburg County from the David Rumsey Map Collection. The area was surveyed in 1820 by J. Whitten and the section location is a few miles northwest of the town of Spartanburg. Of particular interest are the Rowland residence, Rowland's Mill, Belinger's Road and Richland Creek, all in rather close proximity. Henry, Samuel, Nicholas, Jesse, John and William Woody were associated with these names and places. Our thanks go to Susan J. Davis for sharing many primary records of Spartanburg and the surrounding area and for her research of William Woody and his descendants.

            On January 28, 1847, William Woody sold 200 acres, on the waters of Richland Creek, eleven miles from Spartanburg C. H. on the main road leading from Spartanburg C. H. to Mills Gap. Daniel White (mentioned above) and H. J. Rowland (Henry the son of George Rowland) were noted as neighbors. This property was almost surely the Woody homestead and the sale probably meant that William had inherited the property. Locating this property on a modern map is a little difficult; however, on the map above, we think that it was in the headwaters of Richland (now Mudd) Creek and fronted on the Rutherfordton Post Road (now Boiling Springs Road/SR9).
            On December 5, 1853, William Woody, Henry J. Woody, Frances Woody and John Laurence and his wife Demitney sold 222 acres in the Town of Spartanburg to E. P. Clements and H. H. Thomson. This "tract was granted to Nicholas Woody and surveyed by warrant for him by J. J. Rowland on 16 Nov 1820". This sale seems to be proof positive that William was the son of Nicholas. Henry J. & Demitney were almost surely the siblings of William. Frances was probably the widow of Nicholas; however, she she may have not been the mother of any of William's children. Unfortunately, we have not yet found a record of the warrant.
            We have also done an analysis of the Woody enumerations in the early Spartanburg censuses and this information is outlined below. The analysis completely supports the conclusion that William was the son of Nicholas Woody. The 1790 and 1800 Spartanburg censuses contain the enumerations for the family of Henry Woody/Wooddy. The 1790 census shows 3 males under 16, 3 males 16 and over and 5 females. The 1800 census correlates very well with 1790: It shows that Henry was born before 1755 and his home contained four males age 16-26 (born 1784-1774), two males age 26-45 (born 1774-1755) and four females age 10-26 (born1790-1774). This enumeration seems very unusual in that there were no children in the age 0-10 range in this large family. It is also significant to note that the given name of Henry was a favorite of the Virginia  Woodys, but was seldom used by the other Colonial Woody lines. Henry Woody was not enumerated after 1800, suggesting that he died; however, a John Woody and family were enumerated in 1810. John & his wife seemed to be age 26-45 and there was an older female suggesting the widow of Henry. Very importantly, only one listing separated John from George Roland. John were not enumerated again and because of his twenty year age uncertainty in 1810, he could have been a son or grandson of Henry. A Nicholas Woody/Wooddy/Woodie (b. 1770-1775) and family were enumerated in the 1820, 1830 and 1840 censuses. In 1830, a William Woody and family were enumerated one residence removed from Nicholas Woodie. Also, it appears that William Woody was part of the Nicholas Woody household in 1820 and 1840. These censuses reveal another unusual situation. Of the seven adult males enumerated in the Henry Woody household of 1800, only Nicholas remained in Spartanburg by 1820. As explained below, we believe that many of the other Woodys may have removed to Georgia.
            From the above deed and census data, we posit that John, Nicholas, Samuel, Jesse and William Sr. were probably sons or even grandsons of Henry Woody. William Woody Jr., one of the subjects of this section, was a son of Nicholas and a grandson of Henry. The deed, will and census data prove that this William was the son of Nicholas Woody.
            None of the abovementioned surnames are noted in the 1779 census of the old Ninety-Six District, the parent of Spartanburg County, so it would seem that these families came to Spartanburg between 1779 and 1790.
Since Jesse was such an unusual Woody given name in the early 1800s, we think it is probable that Jesse, a younger Henry and possibly Samuel moved to Georgia before 1820, along with several other adult Woodys. The likely motivation for such a move would have been the eight "land lotteries" that were authorized in Georgia between 1805 and 1833. The 1820 Jackson County, Georgia census shows the household of Jesse Woody containing 1 male over 45 and two males 26-45. Also in Jackson was a Henry Woody age 26-45 with two young males and two young females. A Samuel Woody and the orphans of Henry Woody participated in the 1827 Georgia Land Lottery from Habersham County which was very close to Jackson County and, in 1830, a John Woody with five young children was enumerated in Habersham. Also nearby was Hall County, Georgia, where in 1830, a Samuel Wooddy born 1770-1760 was enumerated with two males born before 1800. If Jesse, Henry, John and Samuel, or any of them, were indeed the Woodys from Spartanburg, then these enumerations would account for many of the males enumerated in the early Spartanburg deeds and censuses and for the relative absence of Woodys in Spartanburg censuses after 1810/1820. Finally, a H. G. Wooddy, et al, sold land in Jackson on 30 Sep 1806. Since Henry Woody seems to have died or left Spartanburg between 1800 and 1810, this person could have been him.
            Although there is proof that William Woody was the son of Nicholas Woody, the father of Nicholas is more difficult to prove. Nicholas was very likely the son of Henry, but because we do not have a solid birth year for Henry, it is possible that there was an intervening generation. The close association between this Henry Woody and George Rowland, who allegedly lived in Henry County before moving to Spartanburg County, South Carolina in the 1790s, invites speculation. Based on the perfect yDNA match between descendants of Nicholas Woody of Spartanburg and William Banks Woody of Henry County, Virginia, it might seem possible that Henry was a son of William Banks Woody; however, if Henry was the oldest person enumerated in the 1790 & 1800 censuses, he seems to have been born at least ten years before William's oldest child, Biddy, who was born in 1765. William died in Lincoln County, Tennessee in 1817 and his lineage is documented in Woody Family Roots. Another candidate for the father of Henry is Samuel Woody of Hanover County, Virginia, whose 1782 household contained seven individuals. Samuel died intestate about 1788 and this event seems like a good match for Henrys arrival in Spartanburg. In any event, it is very hard to understand how Henry went unrecorded in Virginia. Hopefully, future research will result in other connections and an extension of the line.
Many more details about the Nicholas Woody lineage are in Database.           
            Another relative is John A. Woody, first enumerated in the 1850 census of nearby Haywood County, North Carolina. The yDNA of a descendant of John has proven that he was also related to the Spartanburg Woodys. We believe that he was the son of William Woody, mentioned above. John was born in 1826 in South Carolina and was married to Minerva Bradshaw shortly before the 1850 census. John, Minerva and their family moved to Swain County, North Carolina between 1870 and 1880. This is quite intriguing since Sarah Woody Seay (b.c. 1835), the daughter of the abovementioned William Woody of Spartanburg moved from Spartanburg to Swain during the same period. Sarah was the second wife and widow of Wilson Seay, who was died in the Civil War. We think that it would be highly unlikely for a widow with children to leave her home and family and move to a different state without some expectation of family support. In addition, Harriet Seay, the daughter of Wilson Seay and his first wife, later married Western Woody, the son of John A. and Minerva Bradshaw Woody. After the death of Harriet, her half-sister, Frances Elizabeth Seay, also married Western Woody.
            So we conclude that John A. Woody was closely related to Sarah Woody Seay and was almost surely her brother. This conclusion is reinforced by the 1830 Spartanburg census which shows a young male child (0/5) in the William Woody household. A male child of this age was not enumerated in the 1850 census of the William Woody household. So these facts align well with what is known about John A. Woody.
            However, some unknown person has guessed that John A. Woody was the son of Talton/Tarlton and Elizabeth Loggins Woody and this guess has been copied & published by many "researchers". Unfortunately for the guesser and copiers, yDNA has proven this assertion to be incorrect. What is most distressing is that the foremost researcher of this line, Verl F. Weight (deceased), did years of thoughtful research on the lineage of Talton Sr. and even did considerable on-site research with Talton's descendants in North Carolina. He records the ten children of Talton & Elizabeth Loggins Woody in his book A Branch of the Family Tree (A Preliminary History) - A genealogy of the Woodie (Woody) Family of Northwestern North Carolina and the known descendants who have scattered thru out the United States self published November, 1960. John is not one of the children listed by Mr. Weight. Images of this document are online and, instead of guessing, anyone with a serious interest in this family should be able to find it
. In addition, the November 22, 1819 deposition of Talton and Elizabeth Woody concerning their son Tarlton's War of 1812 pension benefits listed their living sons and the name "John" was not included. In any event, the yDNA of one of the many descendants of John A. Woody has proven that John A. was not part of the William and Sarah line, so the issue has been completely resolved.
            Henry J. Woody, another likely son of Nicholas Woody, was enumerated in the 1850 census of nearby Henderson County, North Carolina. Henry was born about 1827 and married Mary Waldrop of Spartanburg. Henry and Mary had four children, including a Nicholas Woody, before Henry died in the Civil War.
            In addition, the James M. Woody (b.c. 1800), discussed in the following section, could also be related to the Spartanburg Woodys; however, such a relationship would have probably developed with Henry Woody's relatives in Virginia. In the 1820 census, James M. was enumerated in nearby Pendleton County, South Carolina and he seems to have died before 1838 when his widow remarried in Henrico County, Virginia.
            It also seems quite possible that the Spartanburg Woodys were closely related to the John Woody enumerated in adjacent Laurens County in the 1790-1840 censuses (see narrative immediately below). If related, this John could be another son of Henry or a close relative. John Woody married Isabella Dial and, on 1 Dec 1840, John purchased land in Carroll Co., Georgia. This means that, in 1840, John moved to Georgia where he was enumerated in the 1850 census as age 85 (b.c. 1765) and born in South Carolina.
            A very interesting assertion is that a Nancy Ann Woody married John Slatton, born 1739 in Hanover Co., VA and died before 27 Jan 1814 in Spartanburg County, South Carolina. John is alleged to be the son of William Slatton who, with his brothers Abraham and Arthur, lived near the intersection of Lickinghole Creek and the Three Chopped Road in Virginia. Some of the Virginia Woody homes were on Bird and Tuckahoe Creeks which were also crossed the Three Chopped Road in Goochland and Albemarle Counties. Her 1748 assumed birth date makes her a potential daughter of John Woody of Bird Creek or Henry Woody of Tuckahoe Creek; however, we have not found any other evidence at all to support the assertion.
            The yDNA from a male Woody descendant of John Woody would probably prove his connection to one of the American Woody lines. John, Isabella and their descendants are found in the Database.
            yDNA from a male Woody descendant of any or all of these men would likely reveal their ancestral Woody line.
Many more details about the John, John A., James M., and Henry J. Woody lineages are in Database.


John Woody of Laurens Co., South Carolina & Carroll Co., Georgia

            John Woody was first enumerated alone in the 1790 Laurens County, South Carolina census. About 1793, John married Isabella Dial, the daughter of Hastings and Rebecca Abercrombie Dial. This marriage is confirmed by the wills of Hastings and Rebecca Dial and the given names of two of the Woody children. Also, on 7 August, 1798, Hastings Dial sold 150 acres on Dirty Creek (a tributary of Rabons Creek) to John Woody. Both the Dial and Abercrombie families seem to have been well established and rather wealthy South Carolina residents by the mid-1700s. Several males from both families were enumerated in the 1790 Laurens census. Although no other Woodys were enumerated in 1790 Laurens, a Henry Woody was enumerated in adjacent Spartanburg County (the Spartanburg Woody narrative is directly above). The image at the left is from an 1825 Mills' Atlas in the David Rumsey Map Collection and is a very small portion the Laurens District, South Carolina map surveyed by Henry Gray in 1820. In the the upper right corner is Laurensville (now Laurens), the county seat of Laurens County. Laurens is approximately in the center of the county and about thirty-five miles south of Spartanburg, the county seat of Spartanburg County. The waterway flowing northwestward from the lower right corner of the map is Reaburns (now Rabons) Creek. Notice Abercrombie's Mill on Reaburns Creek and the nearby Madden residence. Two sisters of Isabella Dial married Madden brothers. We believe that the small unnamed creek just west of the Boyd residence is Dirty Creek where John Woody purchased land from his father-in-law, Hastings Dial, in 1798. John Woody was enumerated in the 1840 Laurens census, but in December, 1840, he purchased two 118 acre parcels in Carroll County, Georgia. In 1842 and 1846, he added another 247 acres to his land holdings in Carroll. John and some of  his children were enumerated in the 1850 Carroll County, Georgia census. He was age 85. John Woody signed his will in Carroll County on 22 March 1858 and this will was proved on 6 September 1858.
            As we have explained in the previous Spartanburg Woody narrative, the historic Woody Mail Contractor business may have been the reason that these Woodys were in South Carolina.  To see more about the Woody Mail Contractors, click here.   
            We believe that there is a reasonable chance that John Woody of Laurens was related to Henry Woody of Spartanburg and to the Woodys of Colonial Hanover County, Virginia. John has living male Woody descendants. The yDNA of one of these males might prove this supposition and, if not, it would probably provide a positive paternal connection to one of the other early American Woody families. John, Isabella and their descendants are found in the Database.


Henry W. Woody of Richmond City, Virginia &
James M. Woody of Pendleton Co., South Carolina

            On April 10, 1838, Jane C. Wooddy and Thomas T. L. Taylor bonded to marry in Henrico County, Virginia. On June 7, 1841, Jane C. Taylor provided consent for the marriage of her son, Henry W. Wooddy, to Sarah E. Bohannon. On July 23, 1846, Jane C. Taylor, widow of James M. Wooddy, provided consent for the marriage of her daughter, Mary Jane Wooddy, to Will W. Taylor and on June 4, 1842, the marriage bond for Parthenia Woody and Thomas R. Jones names Jane C. Taylor as the brides mother. So it seems that James M. Wooddy died before 1838, when his widow remarried. In later censuses, Jane C. Taylor was enumerated as being born c. 1805 in Virginia; however, her son, Henry W. Woody, was enumerated as being born c. 1820 in Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. Several of Henry's sons also enumerated the birth place of their father as Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. A search of the early censuses of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina produces a James M. Woody in the 1820 Pendleton County, South Carolina census. Pendleton County was in extreme northwest South Carolina and was created in 1789 from the old Pendleton Judicial District. In 1826 the county was disbanded and Pickens and Anderson Counties were formed. Later, part of Pickens was used to form Oconee County. To the east, Greenville County bordered Pendleton and east of Greenville was Spartanburg. The 1820 census shows that James M. was born between 1794 and 1804 and the rest of the enumeration details seem to be a perfect fit with the few facts that are known about Jane C. and her children in Virginia. The 1830 Henrico County, Virginia census also contains a James M. Woody, born 1790-1800, and the enumeration details are a good fit with the 1820 census and the facts concerning James' wife and children. We have never found a record of James Woody that does not include "M", his middle initial. In a time when middle names and initials were seldom used, it seems that James M. made an obvious effort to insure that records included his middle initial.
            The interment records for Shockoe Hill Cemetery in Richmond show that Henry W. Woody, his wife Sarah and several of their children, were buried in this cemetery. The record also shows that Henry was born in Columbia, South Carolina. Even though Columbia is in central South Carolina, this birth place provides significant evidence confirming our assumption that Henry was the son of the James M. Woody found in the 1820 Pendleton County, South Carolina census. As noted above, there was significant confusion concerning Henry's birthplace. One logical explanation for this confusion is that James M. Woody moved about these states quite frequently. We now propose that James M. was part of the stage coach and mail contractor business that seems to have been started by John Woody of King William County in the early 1800s and continued through the 1880s by other Woodys. As noted above, a James M. Wooddy was recorded as a mail contractor in 1824, along with several other Virginia Wooddys. Because James M. seems to have left home at an early age, we suspect he was the son of Frederick Woody of King William. Frederick was the brother of John the mail contractor and died in 1804 as a relatively young man. Frederick had a son Robert and very probably another son, John W. Both of these men are discussed above and both also left home at an early age. Frederick did not seem to own any land when he died and this situation probably encouraged his sons to look for greener pastures. There seem to be many living male Woody descendants from the Henry W. Woody branch and this situation is a near perfect application for yDNA analysis. Many more details about this branch are in the Database.  

            Recently, the yDNA results of a descendant of Nicholas and William Woody of Spartanburg, South Carolina, have shown that these men were was connected to the Woodys
of Old Virginia. William, the son of Nicholas, was born about 1800 in South Carolina and was probably the grandson of Henry Woody recorded in the 1790 and 1800 censuses of Spartanburg. We know very little about Henry except that he was born before 1755 and had six males over the age of sixteen in his 1800 household. Some of the details of William's lineage are in the section directly above. It seems quite possible that these two families are very closely related.
Many more details about this branch are in the Database.


Project Progress

            July 4, 2008 - As a start in documenting this project, we have selected Henry Woody of Buckingham. Henry was born in about 1763, died in 1834/35 and was in Buckingham as early as 1779. Henry's wife was Elizabeth and they are one of the few Woody families that owned land and stayed in one place. Other Woodys in Buckingham in the 1780s were Augustine/Austin Sr. & Jr., Samuel and Benjamin. Henry had a proven son Benjamin and most likely two other sons; William and Henry Jr. Some of the descendants of William have been previously documented; however, this research has led to some later undocumented connections and branches.  
            Aug 4, 2008 - We have added what we know about William Woody, a long time resident of Bedford County. William's wife was Margaret Brown and they were taxed in Bedford as early as 1782. William was probably born before 1748, but he may have been much older since there was a William Woody in the Bedford militia in 1758; however, we are not sure this was the same man. William died before May 23, 1814, when his will was proved in Bedford. His only bequests were to his wife Peggy and daughter Elizabeth. Elizabeth married James Brown and they had a daughter Charlotte who married Moses Milam. The Milam family moved to Kanawha County and lived in the vicinity of Samuel, Hawkins and Fleming Woody.
             Aug 18, 2008 - It is now clear that at least two separate, but closely related families of Woodys made their way from Goochland and Henrico Counties to Amherst and Fluvanna Counties. The children of John Woody of Byrd Creek in Goochland were in the Rockfish River area of Amherst (later Nelson) by 1770. Augustine and Henry Woody and their children moved from Tuckahoe Creek in Henrico to Fluvanna and Buckingham about 1776. From Amherst, Buckingham and Fluvanna, they rapidly spread to the neighboring counties. It is our opinion that the ancestors of both of these families had their American roots in New Kent and Hanover Counties.

            Oct 9, 2008 - We have made considerable progress toward demystifying some of the Woodys of western Virginia. One of the keys was the realization and proof that the name Austin was a common nickname for Augustine. Also, a census anomaly occurred in 1850 and 1860 Virginia that has aided this research. In the 1850 Buckingham County census, the county of birth was recorded and in the 1860 Nelson County census, the county of birth was also recorded. The 1850 census confirms our previous comments concerning the almost complete absence of Woody land owners in the region. The only Woody land owners noted were John and Samuel, who were neighbors in Buckingham. Some of this property was almost surely part of the land that Henry Woody sold to Benjamin, William and Henry Woody Jr. in 1814. The well documented research of Dan Moore and Tina McKie has aided this research.
Oct 27, 2008 - The focus of the latest update is on the descendants of Richard C. Woody, born c.1800.  With the discovery that Annie Cottrell Woody was the daughter of Richard C. Woody, we conclude that Richard C. was the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Cottrell Dennis, who were married in Henrico County in 1785.  Some of the branches of this line have been previously researched, but this update adds unpublished branches. As mentioned above, a descendant of one of these Woodys is a Woody DNA Project participant. His yDNA information has already proved very useful and this paper research project was initiated because one person had enough interest in their Woody heritage to join the project.
            Nov 15, 2008 - The yDNA results of descendants of George Woody of Nelson County and James Woody of Pittsylvania County compare very favorably to the results of descendants of Henry, William and Austin Woody. George Woody moved to Madison County, Alabama with his assumed brothers Robert and William. William later moved to Mississippi. Some limited research has been published on the George Woody line. We have considerably expanded this research and added what we could find concerning the descendants of Robert and William. Some excellent research has been done on the James Woody line and we hope to include some of this work soon. These recent yDNA results continue to confirm that all of the Woodys that moved to wide area of Western Virginia in the latter half of the 18th century shared a common ancestor.
            Dec 10, 2008 -  The yDNA results of two descendants of James Woody of Pittsylvania County are a very close match to the results of the descendants of Henry, William, Austin and George Woody. James was born before 1755 and was in Pittsylvania before 1780. We have considerably expanded the excellent research of Charles Woody and Sharon Petersen and added this lineage to the database.
            Jan 22, 2009 - Traditional research has revealed that James Woody of Pittsylvania is somehow connected to David Woody/Brooks of Person County, North Carolina. We have expanded  Dr. McIver Woody's research on David Woody/Brooks and added this lineage to the database.
            Feb 8, 2009 - We have added our research on the Woodys of Hanover Co., Virginia. This research mainly concerns the descendant of John & Ruth Woody. John died in 1786 and left six sons. We have added many descendants of John's son, James P. Woody, to the database.
            Mar 23, 2009 - Our research of the Hanover County Woodys has led us to King William County which borders Hanover on the north. Several of John and Ruth's children and grandchildren lived here, the most notable being grandson Ezekiel Woody. We have added many descendants of Ezekiel and Martha Woody to the database. We have also revised our understanding of the family of James Woody of Pittsylvania to reflect our latest research.
            May 19, 2009 - We have added our research on the lines of William Wooddy of Loudoun County, Virginia and Samuel H. Wooddy of Jefferson County, Virginia/West Virginia to the database.
            Sep 7, 2009 - Additional research of the William of Loudoun and the John of Hanover branches has established that William was the son of John.
            We have added the branches of Samuel Wooddy of Chesterfield (1778 - 1856) and William L. Wooddy of Richmond (1809 - 1884) to the database. Some minimal evidence points to Samuel as the father of William, but there is also contradictory evidence.
            We have added the branch of Robert Wooddy (1792 - 1845) of Hanover & Richmond Counties  to the database.  Robert had at least four children, the most well known being James Porter Wooddy.
            We have supplemented the existing documentation of the lineage of Henry Talley Woody (d. 1812) and his son, Samuel Rockingham Wooddy (1804-1863), and added this branch to the database.
            Sep 15, 2009 - We have added the lineage of James M. and Henry W. Woody (1820 -1880) to the database.
            Nov 1, 2009 - We have updated the lineage of Robert Woody (1792 - 1845). Substantial circumstantial evidence indicates that Robert was the son of Frederick Woody (1768 - 1804) and the grandson of John Woody Sr. (1733 - 1786) of Hanover. We have added the lineage of John J. Woody (1801 - 1856) of Hanover County, Virginia and Jefferson County, Kentucky to the database. Robert and John J. Woody are connected by their marriages to Corey sisters. Two Woody DNA Project descendants of John J. Woody share a common ancestor with a large group of men with Virginia ancestors.
            May 4, 2011 - We have updated the lineages of Samuel W. Wooddy (1778 - 1856) and Henry Talley Wooddy (1779 - 1812). Substantial circumstantial evidence indicates that both of these men were the sons of Samuel Woody Sr. (1717 - 1788) of Hanover Co., Virginia. We have added the lineages of John William Woody (1850 - 1929) of Baltimore, Maryland. John and his parents were consistently enumerated as being born in Virginia. John had at least fifteen children with two wives. We think we know John's parents, but are hoping to find a little more proof of this connection. We have added the lineage of Archer L. Woody (1857 - 1915) of Nottoway Co, Virginia. We have been unable to locate Archer in the 1860 and 1870 censuses and would appreciate any clues to his parents.
            Aug 25, 2011 - Although recent yDNA results have revealed that the descendants of David Woody/Brooks are not generically related to any of the other three main Woody families of Colonial America, we continue to research and update this line. It is not at all clear where David Woody/Brooks lived before he migrated to Caswell and Person Counties, North Carolina, but circumstantial evidence indicates that this place was probably Halifax County, Virginia. Although David Woody/Brooks was not genetically connected to most of the Virginia Woodys, primary records show that he was certainly part of the Woody family of Pittsylvania County, Virginia. As a result of the new yDNA information, we have added a fourth major Woody Group to the Woody DNA Project.
            Feb 18, 2013 - The yDNA results of a descendant of Nicholas Woody (1773 - bef 1850) of Spartanburg County, South Carolina have placed this lineage in the Woody Family of Old Virginia group. This came as quite a surprise since adjacent Greenville County was the home of the family of William and Sarah Persell/Pursell Woody in the 1790s. However, a Henry Woody (bef 1755 - bef 1810) was enumerated in the 1790 and 1800 Spartanburg censuses and he was probably the father of Nicholas. Henry had a large family including six additional males over age sixteen in the 1800 census. We do not know the parents of Henry, but suspect that he was a son of Samuel Woody of Hanover County, Virginia, who died intestate about 1788. In the early 1800s, there were several other Woodys in northwestern South Carolina and southwestern North Carolina that have not been linked to any established lineage and
consequently seem to be good candidates for relatives of Henry Woody of Spartanburg.
            Apr 17, 2016 - We have added the lineage of Everett & Sarah Locke Woody to the database. Everett and Sarah were first found in the 1850 Lawrence County, Kentucky census. Everett was born in Maryland and Sarah in Virginia; however, it is very unusual to find a Maryland Woody in Kentucky in 1850. Research indicates that Everett was likely the brother of the Samuel H. Woody briefly mentioned the "William & Samuel Woody of Loudoun Co., Virginia" discussion above; however, there are other possibilities. We do not have a descendant of either Samuel or Everett in the Woody DNA Project. A male Woody descendant of one of these men could prove their Woody heritage.

            Dec 15, 2017 - The yDNA results of a descendant of John A. Woody, first enumerated as being born in South Carolina about 1828 in the 1850 Haywood County, North Carolina census prove that John A. is almost surely the son of William Woody of Spartanburg County, South Carolina. William was probably the grandson of Henry Woody, first recorded in South Carolina in 1790. The parents of Henry Woody have not been proven, but they probably lived in the Woody/Wooddy enclave in and around Hanover County, Virginia. The importance of this yDNA is that it matches the yDNA of scores of other Woody DNA project participants with roots in Colonial Virginia. Some/many lineages containing John A. Woody connect him to the line of William & Sarah Pursell Woody who allegedly came to America from England. This family lived in adjacent Greenville County, South Carolina for a few years. Since the yDNA of descendants of this William Woody is completely different from the yDNA of the Colonial Virginia group, this allegation is proven to be incorrect, Once again, yDNA proves vastly superior to any other type of DNA analysis when it relates to providing absolute proof of connections to the Woody lineages of America.


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American Memory Collection, George Washington Papers, 1741-1799: Series 4, The Library of Congress
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A Register of the Officers and Agents, Civil, Military and Naval in the Service of the United States on the Thirtieth of September, 1816, Jonathan Elliott, Washington City, 1816
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Bedford County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1805, LDS Family History Library, Film #2024472
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Cumberland County, Virginia Order Book, 1774-1786
Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #26
Cumberland County, Virginia Order Book, 1767-1774
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Cumberland County, Virginia Order Book, 1752-1767
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Davis Rev., Bailey Fulton. The Deeds of Amherst Co., Virginia 1761- 1807 and Albemarle Co., Virginia 1748-1763, Southern Historical Press, Easley, South Carolina, 1985
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Duncan, Patricia B.
Index to Loudoun Co., Virginia Land Deed Books 2A-2M 1800-1810, Heritage Books, Westminster, MD, 2003
Evans, James Arthur. Old Papers from Puccoon, Works Progress Administration of Virginia, 1937
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Evans, June Banks. Men of Matadequin:
Three Hundred Years from New Kent County, Bryn Ffyliaid Publications, New Orleans, 1984

Family History Collection,  Harold B. Lee Library Digital Collection, Brigham Young University
Farmer, Michael Martin. Oglethorpe County, Georgia Deed Books, A-E, 1794-1809, self published, 1999
Farmer, Michael Martin. Oglethorpe County, Georgia Deed Books, F-J, 1809 - 1820, self published, 2000
Find A Grave  
Fleet, Beverley. "Lower Norfolk County 1651-1654", Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. III, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1988

Frain, Elizabeth R. & Hiatt, Marty. Loudoun Co Virginia Death Register 1853 - 1896, Heritage Books, Westminster, MD, 2000
Fluvanna County, Virginia Deeds 1777-1783, TLC Genealogy, Miami, 1991
Force, Peter. The National Calendar and Annals of the United States for MDCCCXXIV, Vol. 5, Davis & Force, Printers, Booksellers and Stationers, Washington City, 1824
County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1786-1803, LDS Family History Library, Film #2024540
Franklin County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1804-1821, LDS Family History Library, Film #2024541
Georgia Marriages 1808 - 1967,
LDS FamilySearch Record Search
Georgia Property Tax Digests 1793 - 1893,
Goochland County, Virginia Court Order Books Vol. 1-4, 1728-1741,
LDS Family History Library, Film #31671
Goochland County, Virginia Court Order Books Vol. 5-6, 1741-1749,
LDS Family History Library, Film #31672
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Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders 1755-1758, TLC Genealogy, Miami Beach, Florida 1992
Halifax County, Virginia Court Orders 1767-1770,
TLC Genealogy, Miami Beach, Florida 2000
Halifax County, Virginia Deed Books 1778-1784,
TLC Genealogy, Miami Beach, Florida 1992
Halifax County, Virginia Deed Books 1793-1796,
TLC Genealogy, Miami Beach, Florida 1997
Halifax County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1800, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #147
Halifax County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1800-1812, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #148
Hanover Co., Virginia Land Tax Lists 1782-1801B,
Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #137

Hanover Co., Virginia Land Tax Lists 1802A -1817B,  Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #138

Hanover Co., Virginia Land Tax Lists 1818A-1829A,  Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #139

Hanover Co., Virginia Land Tax Lists 1830A -1838A,  Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #140

Hanover Co., Virginia Land Tax Lists 1838B-1847A,  Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #141

Hanover County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1803, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #159
Hanover County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1804-1824, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #160
Hanover County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1825-1840, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #161
Hanover County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1841-1851, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #162
Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790 - Records of the State Enumerations: 1782-1785 - Virginia,
Bureau of the Census, Government Printing Office, Washington, 1908
Henrico County, Virginia Court Order Book 1763-1767, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #68
Henrico County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists 1782-1814, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records, Reel #171
Hinshaw, William Wade. Encyclopedia of Quaker Genealogy - Virginia, Vol. VI, GPC, Baltimore, 1993
Hollowak, Thomas L.  and  Moore,
J. Staunton.  The Annals and History of Henrico Parish, Diocese of Virginia : and St. John's P.E. Church, GPC, Inc., Baltimore, 1979
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Hutchison,  Louisa Skinner,
Index to Loudoun Co., Virginia Wills 1757 - 1850, Heritage Books, Westminster, MD, 1997
Internet Archive
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Jefferson Co., Kentucky Death Records 1852-1964,
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King William County, Virginia Land Tax Books 1782-1811, Library of Virginia County Microfilm Records Reel #164
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World War I Draft Registration Cards 1917 - 1918,

            For much of the information on this page and in the database, we are indebted to the following individuals, institutions and organizations: Doug Acree, Robert Allen, Steve Allen, Joseph S. Ames, W. P. Anderson, Jeanne Arguelles, Carrie Frances Averett, Linda Ayres, Danny J. Balch, Lucious Barnes Barbour, Edna Barney, Kathy Beals, Martin Blumenson, Mrs. John Bennett Boddie, Andrew Bogema, M. E. Bond, Linda Boorom, Jeraldine Boswell, Eugenia Bradsher, Charles Brasher, Bonnie Breedlove, Leila Bristow, Wanda Brooks, Warren Leigh Brookes, Annie Walker Burns, Theresa Campbell, Wirt Johnson Carrington, Kimball Carter, Betty Cates, Marian Dodson Chiarito, Jean K. Childs, Wayne & Vici Churchman, Cassie Sanford Clark, Helen Carver Clark, John A. Ciaccia, LaVerne Carver Clements, William Ronald Cocke, R. C. Coleman, Tracy Coley, Troy Colquitt, Beverly R. Conolly, Linda Allred Cooper, James W. Cope, Phillip Edward Cottrell, Richard Cottrell, Nancy Jones Crawford, Rhonda Jill Crawford, Vanessa Crews, W. C. Crews, C. C. Culpepper, John Curley, Juanita Mozelle Harpold Cutler, William Bernard Cutright, Pat Dailey, Grace Gillam Davidson, Rosalie Edith Davis, Susan J. Davis, Emma Lou Day, Leonard Dean, Mitzie Deaton, Jack DeBolt, Rick Dent, Sidney Dent, Barbara Dillard, Jim & Gail Dixon, Cindy Dodd, Jordan R. Dodd, Sharon J. Doliante, William Douglas, Patricia B. Duncan, Paul & Ruth Ellis, Elizabeth Prather Ellsberry, June Banks Evans, Becky Falin, Nathaniel R. Featherston, Timothy Fisher, Beverley Fleet, Peter Force, Elizabeth R. Frain, Mamie B. Fraser, Candie Freeman, S. Bassett French, John R. Gallagher, Craig Gathright, Mary Glass, Charity Goodwin, Mildred C. Goss, Robert N. Grant, Pat Green, Kay Haden, Jean Pickett Hall, Embree Garland Hamilton, Charles Ray Harper, Elizabeth Harris, Joyce Harrison, Ann Hennings, Lillian Herrin, Marty Hiatt, Arcilla Henry, Steve Hissem, T. C. Hixson, Brent H. Holcomb, Marsha Lloyd Howell, Richard Hrabowski, Dennis Ray Hudgins, Frank Parker Hudson,  Kathryn Humphries, Louisa Skinner Hutchison, Frances T. Ingmire, George S. Jack, Marilyn Jackson, Edward Boyle Jacobs, Gene Janssen, Aurelia M. Jewell, Eric Johnson, Kathryn Johnson, Suzanne Johnston, W. Mac Jones, D.S. Keeton, Katherine Kerr Kendall, T. William Kethley, George Harrison Sanford King, Okey L. King, R. L. Kirby, Doug Kirk, Randolph Withers Kirkland, Elaine King Kubinski, Ann M. LaDue, Danny Lamberth, J. B. O. Landrum, Roy Laney, Pam Lantrip, Cecil Q. Larsen, Frances H. Leonard, William Terrell Lewis, J. Lester Link, Norma Lee Longmire, James L. Marable, Wanda Marsh, Charlotte Woody Martin, Hu Maxwell, William McCauley, Shirley McCluer, Shirley Brasher McCoy, Mary McGhee, Jackie McInnis, Tina McKie, Jessie McLam, Joan McNeive, Martha Miller, Thomas Condit Miller, Rudy Moe, Daniel Moore, Mary Spradley Morken, Helena Woody Morway, William Munford, Margaret E. Myers, Joanne Lovelace Nance, Sandra Cheatham Nelson, Kathie Noble, Stratton Nottingham, Deborah Parks, Henry C. Peden, Sharon Petersen, Dorothy G. Pilout, Eleanor Poindexter, Phyllis Porter, Faye Stone Poss, Bettie B. Powell, Shirley Pritchett, Christine C. Proctor, Albert B. Pruitt, Forney A. Rankin, Joyce Rash, Anne Waller Reddy, Carl Reed, Emma Barrett Reeves, Joan Renfroe, Melanie Renfroe, Andrew Lewis Riffe, Bernard Rodenhizer, Nelwyn P. Rogerson, A. Bohmer Rudd, Mildred Russell, Ora Lee Sossaman, Paul R. Sarrett, Marshall Satterwhite, Velvet Satterwhite, John Scholes, Brian Keith Scott, Steve Scott, Susie Sexson, Scott S. Sheads, Cindy Wooddy Sherrod, Cynthia Waring Shockley, Ronald L. Simmons, Herk Slutter, Nancy Smith, Haddox Sothoron, Ruth & Sam Sparacio, Pat Sparks, Martha Bradsher Spencer, Will Stamps, Juanita Stinson, Ken Storm, Louise Swerling, Barbara Taylor, Dwight D. Taylor, Julia Ann Taylor, Richard Taylor, Barbara Jean Thomas, Marianne C. Thompson, V. A. Thomson, Charlotte A. Thurston, David Trimmier, Virginia G. Turnbull, Terrylynne Turner, Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Kenna Van Meter, Molly Urquhart, Reginald L. Vasser, Larry Vehorn, Nyla Verisario, Patricia G. Viellenave, L. G. Vincent, John Vogt,  Alex Wade, George Calvin Waldrep, Homer Walker, Tom Flynn Walker, Benjamin B. Weisiger, Anne A. White, Nancy Woody Whitesell, Jason Whitt, Dorothy Wilkinson, Harrison Williams, Frederick Neff Wilson, Herbert T. Wilson, Leon & Mary Wilson, Millie Wilson, Barbara Walker Winge, Martha Winstead, Sudie Rucker Wood, Betty Spell Wooddy, Mark W. Wooddy, William Samuel Wooddy, Bobby Eugene Woody, Jr., Charles Owen Woody Jr., Lavalette Tinsley Woody, McIver Woody, Milton F. Woody, Phillip Hix Woody, Shelby Jean Woody, Taylor Woody, Terra Woody, Terry & Kristy Woody, Walter Ruffin Woody, William Bruce Woody, E. Edward Wright, Harriet Wooddy Wright, Artiss Wyatt, the staff of the LDS Family History Centers in Fort Myers, Florida & Knoxville, Tennessee, the staff of the Newberry Library, Chicago, Illinois, the staff of the Calvin M. McClung Historical Collection, Knoxville, Tennessee, the staff of the Knox County Public Library System, Knoxville, Tennessee, the staff of the Mid-County Regional Library, Port Charlotte, Florida, the staff of the Fort Myers-Lee County Library, Fort Myers, Florida, the staff of the John F. Germany Public Library, Tampa, Florida, the staff of the National Archives, Chicago, Illinois & Washington, D. C. and the staff of the Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia. Any omissions are unintentional.

To be continued.....

Caution - Caution - Caution

        A search of primary and secondary records has uncovered some persuasive evidence and this evidence is documented on this page and in the database. However, you are cautioned that some of the assumed relationships in the database are based on indirect, circumstantial evidence and some of this evidence is quite sketchy. Please remember that the database is similar to a historical documentary: It is based on facts, but the authors have made assumptions that may or may not be correct. If and when more evidence is discovered, these assumptions and the database may be revised. All of the evidence is sourced. The bases for the assumptions are outlined in the "notes" citations. Read the notes and citations. Look at the sources. Decide for yourself.
        Since it is possible to interpret the evidence in other ways, the yDNA from descendants of these Woodys would be very useful in proving/disproving these relationships. If you find possible lineages, connections and/or helpful information in the database, we ask that you join the Woody DNA Project. If you are not a male Woody, please strongly encourage a male Woody relative to join.


A few family branches have used the Wooddy surname variation; however, we know of only one major branch that used Wooddy consistently over the years. Other branches moved from Wooddy to Woody over time and sometimes members in the same family used the different spellings. Sometime individuals started with Wooddy and ended with Woody. In the Database, we have recorded the Wooddy variation as the primary name entry when we have evidence to support this decision; however, to simplify Database searching, we have also recorded a name variation of Woody for these individuals. If anyone feels that we have erred in our analysis, please feel free to contact us.



Includes Lineages, Sources, Attributions & Notes
Updated Oct 9, 2018

The Woody Family of Old Virginia Database
 Click Here

This database does not include the descendants of John Woody of Goochland Co., Virginia and his sons Henry Woody of Franklin Co., Virginia, William Woody of Henry Co., Virginia and Thomas Woody of Albemarle Co., Virginia. To see this descendant database, go to:
 Woody Family Roots



Click here to email your comments, additions & corrections.

1990 Woody Surname Distribution

1990 U.S. Woody Surname Distribution
click on image to enlarge

1990 U.S. Census: Surname - Population Frequency - Frequency Rank

Smith - 1.006% - #1
Woody - .007% - #1664
Woodie - .001% - #15008
deWoody - .001% - #15538
Woodey - less than .001% - greater than #88799
Wooddy - less than .001% - greater than #88799


Revised Apr 23, 2019